Tomomi Iwakiri

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In this study, we investigated whether components of pomegranate could inhibit CYP3A-mediated drug metabolism. The ability of pomegranate to inhibit the carbamazepine 10,11-epoxidase activity of CYP3A was examined using human liver microsomes, and pomegranate juice was shown to be a potent inhibitor of human CYP3A. Addition of 25 microl (5.0% v/v) of(More)
There has been very limited information on the capacities of tropical fruits to inhibit human cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) activity. Thus, the inhibitory effects of tropical fruits on midazolam 1'-hydroxylase activity of CYP3A in human liver microsomes were evaluated. Eight tropical fruits such as common papaw, dragon fruit, kiwi fruit, mango, passion fruit,(More)
Purpose. The purpose of this work was to investigate the role of the hepatic and intestinal P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and canalicular multispecific organic anion transporter /multidrug resistance-associated protein 2 (cMOAT/MRP2) on both biliary excretion and intestinal exsorption of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) and its metabolite, SN-38, in the lactone(More)
The capacities of citrus fruits to inhibit midazolam 1'-hydroxylase activity of cytochrome P450 3A (CYP3A) expressed in human liver microsomes were evaluated. Eight citrus fruits such as ama-natsu, banpeiyu, Dekopon, hassaku, hyuga-natsu, completely matured kinkan (Tamatama), takaoka-buntan and unshu-mikan were tested. We also examined the inhibition of(More)
Caffeine is thought to increase the antitumor effect of cisplatin or DNA-damaging agents because it is known that caffeine inhibits DNA repair. Caffeine-assisted chemotherapy has been used in the treatment of osteosarcomas. In addition, there are several reports about combination chemotherapy with caffeine for certain malignancies other than osteosarcomas.(More)
Star fruit juice is a potent in vitro inhibitor of CYP3A; however, few reports are available on the inhibition of CYP3A activities by star fruit juice in vivo. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the CYP3A-mediated star fruit-drug interaction in vivo. The effect of star fruit juice on carbamazepine pharmacokinetics was examined in rats. In comparison(More)
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) plays important roles in the regulation of neuronal development. The electrical activity of Na(+) channels is crucial for the regulation of synaptic formation and maintenance/repair of neuronal circuits. Here, we examined the effects of chronic IGF-1 treatment on cell surface expression and function of Na(+) channels. In(More)
Adrenomedullin, a novel hypotensive peptide, has been reported to be produced in the lung as well as in the adrenal medulla. However, the effect of adrenomedullin on lung function is still poorly understood. In this study, we detected the expression of both adrenomedullin mRNA and putative adrenomedullin receptor mRNA in primary cultures of rat type II(More)
One of the significant dose-limiting toxicities of irinotecan hydrochloride (CPT-11) is severe diarrhea due to impairment of the intestinal membrane induced by the excreted CPT-11 and its metabolites. AST-120 (Kremezin) is a prominent oral adsorbent that consists of porous spherical carbonic particles. To evaluate whether Kremezin can prevent the diarrhea(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of gene polymorphisms, including UGT1A1*7, *27, and *29, on the safety of irinotecan therapy. METHODS The eligibility criteria were: lung cancer patients scheduled to undergo irinotecan therapy, aged ≥ 20 years, with a performance status of 0-2. Thirty-one patients were enrolled and their(More)