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Identifying intracellular molecular interactions is the first step toward understanding complex dynamics and mechanisms of the cell. We have created a comprehensive map of molecular interactions in a macrophage based on published literature. The map was created to analyze the experimental data sets produced by the Alliance for Cellular Signaling (AfCS).(More)
Prostate cancer is the most prevalent cancer in males in Western countries. The reported incidence in Asia is much lower than that in African Americans and European Caucasians. Although the lack of systematic prostate cancer screening system in Asian countries explains part of the difference, this alone cannot fully explain the lower incidence in Asian(More)
SR-protein kinases (SRPKs) and their substrates, serine/arginine-rich pre-mRNA splicing factors, are key components of splicing machinery and are well conserved across phyla. Despite extensive biochemical investigation, the physiological functions of SRPKs remain unclear. In the present study, cDNAs for SPK-1, a C. elegans SRPK homologue, and CeSF2, an(More)
This study was undertaken to examine the interaction between the combination of angiogenesis and blood vessel invasion (BVI) and haematogenous metastasis, and to determine the prognostic significance of that combination in predicting 20-year relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates in primary breast cancer. Five hundred and nine patients(More)
INTRODUCTION The prevalence of polymorphisms among the metabolising enzymes and pharmacodynamic receptors relevant for the thiazolidinediones differs by ethnic group, a factor that may modify risk of adverse drug events. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to determine if the risk of oedema or heart failure associated with the thiazolidinediones varies in(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic pulmonary disorders, such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and fibrosing lung diseases, and atrial fibrillation (AF), are prevalent in elderly people. The impact of cardiac co-morbidities in the elderly, where pulmonary function is impaired, cannot be ignored as they influence mortality. The relationship between the(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease is a known risk factor for cardiovascular death in Western countries. Because Japan has a low cardiovascular death rate, the association between a lower level of forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) and mortality in Japan's general population is unknown. To clarify this, we conducted a community-based longitudinal(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AMs) play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). We previously demonstrated that the transcription factor, MafB, increased in the AMs of mice exposed to cigarette smoke, and in those of human patients with COPD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of MafB in AMs using newly(More)
L-type Ca channels (LTCC), which play a key role in cardiac excitation-contraction coupling, are located predominantly at the transverse (t-) tubules in ventricular myocytes. Caveolae and the protein caveolin-3 (Cav-3) are also present at the t-tubules and have been implicated in localizing a number of signaling molecules, including protein kinase A (PKA)(More)
BACKGROUND Pneumonia is still one of the most frequent causes of death in the elderly. Complication of acute lung injury (ALI)/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) by pneumonia makes patients very ill due to severe respiratory failure. Biomarkers that can discriminate the presence of complicating ALI/ARDS are required for early detection. The aim of(More)