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The B3 DNA binding domain is shared amongst various plant-specific transcription factors, including factors involved in auxin-regulated and abscisic acid-regulated transcription. Herein, we report the NMR solution structure of the B3 domain of the Arabidopsis thaliana cold-responsive transcription factor RAV1. The structure consists of a seven-stranded open(More)
The superoxide-producing NAD(P)H oxidase Nox4 was initially identified as an enzyme that is highly expressed in the kidney and is possibly involved in oxygen sensing and cellular senescence. Although the oxidase is also abundant in vascular endothelial cells, its role remains to be elucidated. Here we show that Nox4 preferentially localizes to the nucleus(More)
SQUAMOSA promoter binding proteins (SBPs) form a major family of plant-specific transcription factors related to flower development. Although SBPs are heterogeneous in primary structure, they share a highly conserved DNA-binding domain (DBD) that has been suggested to be zinc binding. Here we report the NMR solution structures of DBDs of two SBPs of(More)
The WRKY proteins comprise a major family of transcription factors that are essential in pathogen and salicylic acid responses of higher plants as well as a variety of plant-specific reactions. They share a DNA binding domain, designated as the WRKY domain, which contains an invariant WRKYGQK sequence and a CX4-5CX22-23HXH zinc binding motif. Herein, we(More)
Adult onset Still's disease (AOSD) is a rheumatoid disorder characterized by polyarthritis, intermittent high fever, and salmon colored rashes. Liver dysfunction is usually mild and fulminant liver failure is rare. We describe a 20-year-old woman with AOSD and severe hepatic necrosis leading to hepatic failure requiring liver transplant. This severe liver(More)
Ethylene-insensitive3 (EIN3) and EIN3-like (EIL) proteins are essential transcription factors in the ethylene signaling of higher plants. The EIN3/EIL proteins bind to the promoter regions of the downstream genes and regulate their expression. The location of the DNA-binding domain (DBD) in the primary structure was unclear, since the proteins show no(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have been attracting attention as mediators of various cell-signaling pathways. Nox-family NADPH oxidases have proven to be a major source of ROS production in various cell types and have crucial roles in various physiological and pathological processes. In this study, we show that Nox4, a member of Nox family, is prominently(More)
Special AT-rich sequence binding protein 1 (SATB1) regulates gene expression essential in immune T-cell maturation and switching of fetal globin species, by binding to matrix attachment regions (MARs) of DNA and inducing a local chromatin remodeling. Previously we have revealed a five-helix structure of the N-terminal CUT domain, which is essentially the(More)
The WRKY family transcription factors regulate plant-specific reactions that are mostly related to biotic and abiotic stresses. They share the WRKY domain, which recognizes a DNA element (TTGAC(C/T)) termed the W-box, in target genes. Here, we determined the solution structure of the C-terminal WRKY domain of Arabidopsis WRKY4 in complex with the W-box DNA(More)
SQUAMOSA promoter-binding proteins (SBPs) form a major family of plant-specific transcription factors, mainly related to flower development. SBPs share a highly conserved DNA-binding domain of approximately 80 amino acids (SBP domain), which contains two non-interleaved zinc-binding sites formed by eight conserved Cys or His residues. In the present study,(More)