Tomoko Yamamoto

Learn More
For determining whether both the spinal cord motor neurons and glial cells are exposed to increased oxidative stress in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), we performed an immunohistochemical investigation of end products of lipid peroxidation and protein glycoxidation in spinal cords from seven sporadic ALS patients and seven age-matched control(More)
Expression and localization of fukutin, a gene responsible for Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), was studied in the central nervous system by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. In control cases, glial cells expressed fukutin and the expression continued from fetuses to adults. Double immunostaining revealed that some of these cells(More)
We examined the brainstem of 10 patients with Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD). In the midbrain we noted leptomeningeal glioneuronal heterotopia (LGH) (n = 9) and intramural "micropolygyria" (n = 1) in the tectum, as well as tyrosine hydroxylase-positive ectopic neurons/fibers ventral to the cerebral peduncle (n = 3). In the pontomedullary(More)
Several studies have documented the involvement of oxidative stress represented by lipid peroxidation in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To test whether the highly reactive carbonyl crotonaldehyde (CRA), generated during lipid peroxidation, is involved in AD, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis in AD and age-matched control hippocampi(More)
Emerging evidence suggests the involvement of programmed cell death and inflammation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To assess molecular pathological effects of the anti-inflammatory peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonist pioglitazone in ALS, we verified changes in the population of neurons, astrocytes, and microglia in(More)
Several studies have suggested the involvement of neuroinflammation in the pathomechanism of neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We recently demonstrated increased levels of protein-bound 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) as a highly reactive lipid peroxidation product and cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) as a(More)
Recent studies have suggested implications for α-synuclein cytotoxicity in the pathomechanism of multiple system atrophy (MSA). Given in vitro evidence that α-synuclein generates oxidative stress, it is proposed that lipid peroxidation may be accelerated in MSA. To address this issue, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis of protein-bound(More)
4-Hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE) is a toxic, reactive aldehydic intermediate formed by nonenzymatic peroxidation of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The aim of this study was to determine the implication for HHE in the pathomechanism of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by immunohistochemical and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) techniques using a mouse(More)
This report concerns light and electron microscopic studies on the central nervous system of a 20-week and an 18-week fetus with Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD). The diagnosis of FCMD was established by prenatal molecular genetic analysis. Cerebral lesions containing neurites, subpial granular cells and glias, accompanied by cortical dysplasia(More)
Fukuyama type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by progressive muscular dystrophy and dysgenesis of the central nervous system and eyes. To clarify the pathomechanism of the ocular involvement in FCMD, we performed postmortem pathological analyses of eyes from three postnatal FCMD cases, two fetal FCMD(More)