Tomoko Yamamoto

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Expression and localization of fukutin, a gene responsible for Fukuyama congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD), was studied in the central nervous system by in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. In control cases, glial cells expressed fukutin and the expression continued from fetuses to adults. Double immunostaining revealed that some of these cells(More)
We examined the brainstem of 10 patients with Fukuyama-type congenital muscular dystrophy (FCMD). In the midbrain we noted leptomeningeal glioneuronal heterotopia (LGH) (n = 9) and intramural "micropolygyria" (n = 1) in the tectum, as well as tyrosine hydroxylase-positive ectopic neurons/fibers ventral to the cerebral peduncle (n = 3). In the pontomedullary(More)
Several studies have documented the involvement of oxidative stress represented by lipid peroxidation in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). To test whether the highly reactive carbonyl crotonaldehyde (CRA), generated during lipid peroxidation, is involved in AD, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis in AD and age-matched control hippocampi(More)
Emerging evidence suggests the involvement of programmed cell death and inflammation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To assess molecular pathological effects of the anti-inflammatory peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARgamma) agonist pioglitazone in ALS, we verified changes in the population of neurons, astrocytes, and microglia in(More)
Several studies have suggested the involvement of neuroinflammation in the pathomechanism of neurodegenerative diseases, including amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We recently demonstrated increased levels of protein-bound 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) as a highly reactive lipid peroxidation product and cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)) as a(More)
Recent studies have suggested implications for α-synuclein cytotoxicity in the pathomechanism of multiple system atrophy (MSA). Given in vitro evidence that α-synuclein generates oxidative stress, it is proposed that lipid peroxidation may be accelerated in MSA. To address this issue, we performed an immunohistochemical analysis of protein-bound(More)
4-Hydroxy-2-hexenal (HHE) is a toxic, reactive aldehydic intermediate formed by nonenzymatic peroxidation of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. The aim of this study was to determine the implication for HHE in the pathomechanism of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) by immunohistochemical and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) techniques using a mouse(More)
Recent studies have documented carbonyl stress involvement in the pathogenesis of sporadic amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). The aim of the present study was to assess a role for carbonyl stress in motor neuron degeneration associated with superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) mutant familial ALS and its transgenic mouse model, using an immunohistochemical(More)
Signal transducer and activator of transcription-3 (STAT3) is a member of the proinflammatory transcription factor STAT family. Several studies have documented implications for neuroinflammation in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We recently demonstrated activation of STAT3 in spinal cords obtained at autopsy from sporadic ALS patients. To determine(More)
Bone-eating worms of the genus Osedax exclusively inhabit sunken vertebrate bones on the seafloor. The unique lifestyle and morphology of Osedax spp. have received much scientific attention, but the whole process of their development has not been observed. We herein report the postembryonic development and settlement of Osedax japonicus Fujikura et al.(More)