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The substrate specificities of human (h) multidrug and toxin extrusion (MATE) 1 and hMATE2-K were examined to find functional differences between these two transporters by the transfection of the cDNA of hMATE1 and hMATE2-K into HEK293 cells. Western blotting revealed specific signals for hMATE1 and hMATE2-K consistent with a size of 50 and 40kDa,(More)
In human proximal tubules, organic cations are taken up from blood into cells by human organic cation transporter 2 [hOCT2/solute carrier (SLC) 22A2] and then eliminated into the lumen by apical H(+)/organic cation antiporters, human multidrug and toxin extrusion 1 (hMATE1/SLC47A1) and hMATE2-K (SLC47A2). To evaluate drug interactions of cationic drugs in(More)
The Krüppel-associated box (KRAB)-containing zinc finger proteins (ZFPs) comprise the largest family of zinc finger transcription factors that function as transcriptional repressors. In the study of glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF)-RET signaling, we have identified bone marrow zinc finger 3 (BMZF3), encoding a KRAB-ZFP, as a GDNF-inducible(More)
To clarify the transcellular transport of organic cations via basolateral and apical transporters, we established double-transfected Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells expressing both human organic cation transporter hOCT1 and hMATE1 (MDCK-hOCT1/hMATE1), and hOCT2 and hMATE1 (MDCK-hOCT2/hMATE1) as models of human hepatocytes and renal epithelial cells,(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate fetomaternal microchimerism in women with induced abortion or spontaneous pregnancy loss. METHODS Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 76 healthy women who underwent dilation and curettage in the first trimester but had never had an abortion or male delivery before. Samples were collected at three time points: just before,(More)
The G-selectivity for Cu(I)-mediated one-electron oxidation of 5'-TG(1)G(2)G(3)-3' and 5'-CG(1)G(2)G(3)-3' has been examined by ab initio molecular orbital calculations. It was confirmed that G(1) is selectively damaged by Cu(I) ion for both 5'-TG(1)G(2)G(3)-3' and 5'-CG(1)G(2)G(3)-3', being good agreement with experimental results. The Cu(I)-mediated(More)
CD109 is a glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI)-anchored glycoprotein whose expression is up-regulated in squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs) of the lung, esophagus, and uterus. The purpose of this study was to evaluate CD109 expression in oral tumors, including premalignant lesions, and to assess the clinical application of CD109 in oral cancer. CD109 expression(More)
Girdin (girders of actin filaments) is a novel actin-binding Akt substrate that plays an important role in actin organization and Akt-dependent cell motility in fibroblasts. Here, we find that Girdin is expressed in a variety of cancer cell lines, including the breast cancer cell line MDA-MB-231, and is phosphorylated by the stimulation of insulin-like(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis A infection is caused by hepatitis A virus (HAV) contracted through fecal-oral transmission. Life-long immunity is conferred after infection. Improved sanitary conditions have generally resulted in a significant decline in the incidence of hepatitis A. However, a low incidence of infection results in increased HAV susceptibility. The(More)
Breast cancer can be classified into several subtypes based on gene expression profiling. Basal-like breast carcinoma (BLC) has a triple negative phenotype, that is, the subtype lacks the estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PgR) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). It has been recently reported that CD109, a(More)