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Inactivation of p16INK4, an inhibitor of cyclin-dependent kinases 4 (CDK4) and 6 (CDK6), may be essential for oncogenesis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). We examined the sensitivity of two clones of p16INK4-transfected NSCLC cell line with homozygous deletion of p16INK4, A549/p16-1 and 2, to DNA topoisomerase I (topo I) inhibitors. A549/p16-1 and -2(More)
Cancers induced by different carcinogens show distinct expression profiles. In addition to the specific alterations of tumor-related genes induced by specific carcinogens, it is possible that some initial responses induced by a carcinogen could persist for long periods and are consistently present in the cancers induced. We have analyzed the initial(More)
Age-related changes of strychnine-insensitive glycine receptors in the rat brain were studied through quantitative in vitro autoradiography with 3H-glycine. 3H-glycine binding sites were most concentrated in the hippocampus, cerebral cortex, and olfactory tubercle, and moderate densities of binding sites were located in the striatum, nucleus accumbens,(More)
Butyrolactone I, which is a naturally occurring specific inhibitor of the cdc2 kinase family, showed antitumor effects on several non-small- and small-cell-lung cancer cell lines with IC50 values the order of 50 micrograms/ml on the former. No cross-resistance of several drug-resistant cell lines, including those with the multidrug-resistant phenotype and(More)
To elucidate the role of high mobility group 2 protein (HMG2) in cis-diamminedichloroplatinum (II) (cisplatin, CDDP) sensitivity, we constructed a human HMG2-transfected human non-small cell lung cancer cell line, PC-14/HMG2. The HMG2 mRNA expression level was approximately twice those of parental PC-14 and mock-transfected PC-14/CMV. Gel mobility shift(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors are known to play an important role in learning and memory and to be involved in neuron cell death accompanying cerebral ischemia, seizures, and Alzheimer's disease. The NMDA receptor complex has been considered to consist of an L-glutamate recognition site, a strychnine-insensitive glycine modulatory site, and a(More)
We studied the effects of L-NG-nitro-arginine (L-NOARG), which inhibits nitric oxide (NO) biosynthesis from L-arginine, on the non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC)-mediated relaxation induced by nicotine in isolated rat duodenum. L-NOARG reduced nicotine-induced relaxation, and L-arginine prevented the inhibitory effect of L-NOARG. However, L-NOARG did(More)
1. The effects of adenosine and adenine nucleotides were studied in rat duodenum from postnatal day 1 to day 70. The mechanical activity of duodenal segments was recorded through an isotonic transducer connected to a polygraphic recorder. 2. In rat duodenal segments, adenosine-5'-triphosphate (ATP, 10(-4) M) and adenosine-5'-diphosphate (ADP, 10(-4) M)(More)
Differential expression of mRNA among animal strains is one of the mechanisms for their diversity. cDNA microarray analysis of the prostates of BUF/Nac (BUF) and ACI/N (ACI) rats, which show different susceptibility to prostate cancers, found 195 differentially expressed genes. To identify loci that control differential expression of 13 genes with diverse(More)