Tomoko Mutou

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Estrogens and androgens affect male and female reproductive systems. Recently, we reported that prenatal di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) exposure induced atypical Leydig cells (LCs) hyperplasia during adulthood. The present study investigated the expression of estrogen receptor α (ERα), estrogen receptor β (ERβ), and androgen receptor (AR) in LCs of 5-, 7-, 9-,(More)
The present study describes atypical Leydig cell (LC) hyperplasia in 20-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats with low testosterone and high luteinizing hormone levels after prenatal administration of 100 mg/kg/day di(n-butyl) phthalate on days 12 to 21 postconception. Light microscopy revealed LC hyperplasia surrounded by severely degenerated seminiferous tubules.(More)
When 100 mg/kg/day of di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) was intragastrically administered to pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats throughout gestation days 12 to 21, the male pups had similar body weights with no apparent physical differences (e.g., litter size, sex ratio) compared to that of the vehicle group. However, prominent age-related morphological alterations in(More)
This study investigated the age-related (i.e., weeks 5, 7, 9, 14 and 17) morphological changes of Leydig cell smooth endoplasmic reticulum (LCs-ER) and testicular testosterone biosynthesis/protein expression in rats in utero exposed to di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) (intragastrically; 100mg/kg/day) on days 12-21 post-conception. Ultrastructural observations(More)
Female pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were intragastrically (ig) administered di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) at four doses (0, 10, 50 and 100 mg/kg) during gestation days (GD) 12-21 (n = 5 per group). The age-related morphological changes of Leydig cell mitochondrion (LC-Mt) and testosterone biosynthesis enzymes/associated genes/proteins expression levels were(More)
We recently reported that prenatal rat exposure to di(n-butyl) phthalate (DBP) induced Leydig cell (LC) hyperplasia after nine weeks (wks) of age, yet the number of LCs was similar to that of the vehicle group until seven weeks. Nuclear pleomorphism of hyperplastic LCs is common and is considered to be continuous progressive degeneration. Thus,(More)
BACKGROUND The rodent ejaculatory ducts penetrate the male accessory sex gland complex and open into the urethra, anatomically similar to humans. Although the deferent ducts papillae in rodents have been described at the distal end of deferent ducts, they are absent in humans, and their detailed morphology has been unclear. METHODS The detailed anatomical(More)
Angiogenesis is essential for tumor growth, and an enhanced vasculature supplying nutrients and oxygen might reflect malignant potential. L-type amino acid transporter 1 (LAT1/4F2hc) comprises a major nutrient transport system responsible for the Na+-independent transport of large neutral amino acids. Seventy five to seventy eight percent(More)
Pregnant Sprague-Dawley rats were orally administered di( n-butyl)phthalate (DBP; 100 mg/kg/day) on gestation days (GD) 12 to 21. We investigated the male offspring and probed morphological alterations in Sertoli cells at 7, 9, 14, and 17 weeks of age. Parameters assessed in this study included offspring number, sex ratios, body weights, testis weights,(More)
Generically, carcinogenic effects of chemicals in bladder carcinogenesis are judged by induction of papillary or nodular (PN) hyperplasia in rats given N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN) for 4 weeks and the test chemical for 22-28 weeks. However, upregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) begins early in rat BBN bladder(More)