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Through functional expression screening, we identified a gene, designated Humanin (HN) cDNA, which encodes a short polypeptide and abolishes death of neuronal cells caused by multiple different types of familial Alzheimer's disease genes and by Abeta amyloid, without effect on death by Q79 or superoxide dismutase-1 mutants. Transfected HN cDNA was(More)
We analyzed mutations of 7 vitamin K-dependent protein and cytochrome P450 2C9 genes in 45 patients and investigated whether any contribute to the large interpatient variability in the warfarin dose-effect relationship. Total clearance and daily dose, INR and INR/Cp, were used as pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic indexes, respectively. Patients were(More)
To study the influence of acidosis on free radical formation and lipid peroxidation in brain tissues, homogenates fortified with ferrous ions and, in some experiments, with ascorbic acid were equilibrated with 5-15% O2 at pH values of 7.0, 6.5, 6.0, and 5.0, with subsequent measurements of thiobarbituric acid-reactive (TBAR) material, as well as of water-(More)
Using the rat middle cerebral artery occlusion model, alterations in the eicosanoid synthetic capacity of brain microvessels following ischemia were studied by radiochromatography. Brain microvessels of normal rats predominantly produced hydroxyacids with relatively small amounts of PGD2 and PGE2 from exogenous arachidonic acid. Confirmation that(More)
A 47-kDa heat shock protein (HSP47) is a collagen-binding stress protein which is localized in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) of collagen-secreting cells. Recent studies have shown that HSP47 transiently binds to newly synthesized procollagens and that conformationally abnormal procollagen is also bound by HSP47 for a much longer time in the ER (Nakai, A.,(More)
AIM To identify the predictive factors for the presence of small bowel lesions in patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding (OGIB). METHODS A total of 242 patients with OGIB (overt 149: occult 93) were retrospectively included in the present study. Capsule endoscopy (CE) was carried out to investigate the small bowel, and detected lesions were(More)
The collagen binding chaperone HSP47 interacts with procollagen in the endoplasmic reticulum and plays a crucial role in the biosynthesis of collagen. We recently demonstrated that typical collagen model peptides, (Pro-Pro-Gly)(n), possess sufficient structural information for interaction with HSP47 (Koide, T., Asada, S., and Nagata, K. (1999) J. Biol.(More)
The localization of trkB and low-affinity nerve growth factor receptor (LNGFR) mRNAs in the developing rat retina was examined by in situ hybridization. TrkB mRNA was expressed in the ganglion cell layer (GCL), in the inner border of the neuroblastic layer (NBL), and the inner border of the inner nuclear layer (INL). LNGFR mRNA was expressed in the GCL, in(More)
The present study was undertaken to analyze the roles of brain cations and of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) to albumin in the development of ischemic brain edema. Using the rat middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion model, changes in the brain water, sodium, and potassium contents were followed for a period of seven days. The permeability of the BBB to(More)