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OBJECTIVE The aim of this experimental study was to examine the potential of local recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (rhIGF-1) application through a biodegradable hydrogel for the treatment of cochleae. METHODS A hydrogel immersed with rhIGF-1 was placed on the round window membrane of Sprague-Dawley rats while a hydrogel immersed with(More)
In addition to well-known curcuminoids, three colored metabolites were isolated from cultured cell clumps that had been induced from buds on turmeric rhizomes. The isolated compounds were identified as dihydro derivatives of curcuminoids, dihydrocurcumin (dihydroCurc), dihydrodesmethoxycurcumin-a (dihydroDMC-a), and dihydrobisdesmethoxycurcumin(More)
Curcuminoids found in the rhizome of turmeric, Curcuma longa, possess various biological activities. Despite much attention regarding the biosynthesis of curcuminoids because of their pharmaceutically important properties and biosynthetically intriguing structures, no enzyme systems have been elucidated. Here we propose a pathway for curcuminoid(More)
Immune-mediated inner ear disorder has been well established as a clinical entity; however, the innate immune system of the inner ear is a poorly understood area of research with high clinical and immunological importance. Although the presence of resident tissue macrophages in the inner ear has been suggested, there has been some controversy. In this(More)
Inner ear mechanosensory hair cells transduce sound and balance information. Auditory hair cells emerge from a Sox2-positive sensory patch in the inner ear epithelium, which is progressively restricted during development. This restriction depends on the action of signaling molecules. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling is important during sensory(More)
Curcuminoids are pharmaceutically important compounds isolated from the herb Curcuma longa. Two additional type III polyketide synthases, named CURS2 and CURS3, that are capable of curcuminoid synthesis were identified and characterized. In vitro analysis revealed that CURS2 preferred feruloyl-CoA as a starter substrate and CURS3 preferred both feruloyl-CoA(More)
This study aimed to examine the possibility of restoration of spiral ganglion neurons, which transmit sound stimulation to the brain, by transplantation of fetal neural stem cells (NSCs) into the modiolus of cochleae. Fetal mouse NSCs expressing green fluorescence were injected into the modiolus of cisplatin-treated cochleae of mice. The temporal bones were(More)
This study examined the potential of embryonic stem cell-derived neurons as transplants for cell therapy for the primary loss of spiral ganglion neurons. To assess the ability of embryonic stem cell-derived neurons for innervation into auditory epithelia, they were cocultured with auditory epithelium explants of mice for 7 days. Histological analysis(More)
Previous studies on regeneration of mammalian vestibular hair cells have indicated the potential for self-repair of damaged hair cells. The rescue of damaged hair cells from cell death may therefore increase regenerated hair cells in affected vestibular epithelia. The role of apoptosis in the degradation of vestibular hair cells following aminoglycoside(More)
This study investigated surgical procedures for cell transplantation into the mouse inner ear. Female C57BL/6 mice were used as recipient animals. Fetal mouse neural stem cells expressing green fluorescence were used as donor cells. Two methods, an injection of transplants from the lateral semicircular canal (LSCC) and from the cochlear lateral wall (CLW),(More)