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In anti-Helicobacter pylori therapy using omeprazole and antimicrobials, the efficacy can be related to the CYP2C19 genotype groups; the eradication rates were 83% in extensive metabolizers and 100% in poor metabolizers. The present study was undertaken to help predict the optimal dosage of omeprazole for extensive metabolizers in this therapy. Seven(More)
This study aimed to examine the possibility of restoration of spiral ganglion neurons, which transmit sound stimulation to the brain, by transplantation of fetal neural stem cells (NSCs) into the modiolus of cochleae. Fetal mouse NSCs expressing green fluorescence were injected into the modiolus of cisplatin-treated cochleae of mice. The temporal bones were(More)
Curcuminoids found in the rhizome of turmeric, Curcuma longa, possess various biological activities. Despite much attention regarding the biosynthesis of curcuminoids because of their pharmaceutically important properties and biosynthetically intriguing structures, no enzyme systems have been elucidated. Here we propose a pathway for curcuminoid(More)
Curcuminoids are pharmaceutically important compounds isolated from the herb Curcuma longa. Two additional type III polyketide synthases, named CURS2 and CURS3, that are capable of curcuminoid synthesis were identified and characterized. In vitro analysis revealed that CURS2 preferred feruloyl-CoA as a starter substrate and CURS3 preferred both feruloyl-CoA(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this experimental study was to examine the potential of local recombinant human insulin-like growth factor-1 (rhIGF-1) application through a biodegradable hydrogel for the treatment of cochleae. METHODS A hydrogel immersed with rhIGF-1 was placed on the round window membrane of Sprague-Dawley rats while a hydrogel immersed with(More)
Purpose. To predict the CYP2C19 genotype-dependence in anti-Helicobacter pylori(H. pylori) therapy when lansoprazole or rabeprazole was used instead of omeprazole as a proton pump inhibitor (PPI). Methods. A comparative pharmacokinetic study with each PPI was designed as an open, randomized, and crossover study of 18 Japanese healthy volunteers who were(More)
Immune-mediated inner ear disorder has been well established as a clinical entity; however, the innate immune system of the inner ear is a poorly understood area of research with high clinical and immunological importance. Although the presence of resident tissue macrophages in the inner ear has been suggested, there has been some controversy. In this(More)
Inner ear mechanosensory hair cells transduce sound and balance information. Auditory hair cells emerge from a Sox2-positive sensory patch in the inner ear epithelium, which is progressively restricted during development. This restriction depends on the action of signaling molecules. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling is important during sensory(More)
Purpose. A combination of proton pump inhibitors and antimicrobials has been applied as an anti–Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) therapy. Omeprazole, one of the proton pump inhibitors, is metabolized by CYP2C19, which exhibits genetic polymorphism. It was reported previously that the overall anti–H. pylori efficacy can be related to the CYP2C19 genotype. The(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the destiny of implanted autologous bone marrow-derived stromal cells (BSCs) containing mesenchymal stem cells. We previously reported the successful regeneration of an injured vocal fold through implantation of BSCs in a canine model. However, the fate of the implanted BSCs was not examined. In this(More)