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Immune-mediated inner ear disorder has been well established as a clinical entity; however, the innate immune system of the inner ear is a poorly understood area of research with high clinical and immunological importance. Although the presence of resident tissue macrophages in the inner ear has been suggested, there has been some controversy. In this(More)
Inner ear mechanosensory hair cells transduce sound and balance information. Auditory hair cells emerge from a Sox2-positive sensory patch in the inner ear epithelium, which is progressively restricted during development. This restriction depends on the action of signaling molecules. Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) signalling is important during sensory(More)
This study aimed to examine the possibility of restoration of spiral ganglion neurons, which transmit sound stimulation to the brain, by transplantation of fetal neural stem cells (NSCs) into the modiolus of cochleae. Fetal mouse NSCs expressing green fluorescence were injected into the modiolus of cisplatin-treated cochleae of mice. The temporal bones were(More)
Previous studies on regeneration of mammalian vestibular hair cells have indicated the potential for self-repair of damaged hair cells. The rescue of damaged hair cells from cell death may therefore increase regenerated hair cells in affected vestibular epithelia. The role of apoptosis in the degradation of vestibular hair cells following aminoglycoside(More)
This study examined the potential of embryonic stem cell-derived neurons as transplants for cell therapy for the primary loss of spiral ganglion neurons. To assess the ability of embryonic stem cell-derived neurons for innervation into auditory epithelia, they were cocultured with auditory epithelium explants of mice for 7 days. Histological analysis(More)
Serofendic acid is a newly discovered neuroprotective substance derived from fetal calf serum. It has previously been shown to protect cortical neurons from the cytotoxicity of nitric oxide, glutamate and oxygen species. In the present study, we examined the protective effects of serofendic acid on auditory hair cells exposed to aminoglycoside toxicity(More)
OBJECTIVE The present study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a biodegradable hydrogel as a drug-delivery medium for the inner ear. Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was chosen as the agent to be administered. METHOD First, we used an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to measure BDNF concentrations in the cochlear fluid after placing a hydrogel(More)
The generation of superoxide has been implicated as a cause of cochlear damage from excessive noise. Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) generally will protect against superoxide-mediated tissue injury but protection by this enzyme against noise trauma is controversial. This study assessed auditory function in C57BL/6 mice overexpressing SOD1 or treated with(More)
This study aimed to examine the potential of embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived neural progenitors for restoration of the neural network in the peripheral vestibular system. Mouse ESC-derived neural progenitors were co-cultured with explants of vestibular sensory epithelia from neonatal mice. Histological analyses demonstrated that ESC-derived neurons(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the potential of embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitors for use as transplants for the replacement of the auditory primary neurons, spiral ganglion neurons. Mouse embryonic stem cell-derived neural progenitors were implanted into the base of the cochlear modiolus of normal or deafened guinea pigs, which contains spiral(More)