Tomoko Kagenishi

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Arabidopsis roots are routinely exposed to light both during their cultivation within transparent Petri dishes and during their confocal microscopy analysis. Here we report that illumination of roots which naturally grow in darkness, even for a few seconds, induces an immediate and strong burst of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Plant scientists studying(More)
In nature, root systems of most terrestrial plants are underground in darkness. Nevertheless, several photoreceptors have been found in roots and light-responsive mechanisms allowing roots to escape from strong light conditions have been discovered. In transparent Petri dishes, regular light exposure affects root morphology and behavior. We advocate the use(More)
Impact of copper on the oxidative and calcium signal transductions leading to cell death in plant cells and the effects of the copper-binding peptide derived from the human prion protein (PrP) as a novel plant-protecting agent were assessed using a cell suspension culture of transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum L., cell line BY-2) expressing the aequorin(More)
Despite growing underground, largely in darkness, roots emerge to be very sensitive to light. Recently, several important papers have been published which reveal that plant roots not only express all known light receptors but also that their growth, physiology and adaptive stress responses are light-sensitive. In Arabidopsis, illumination of roots speeds-up(More)
Ozone-inducible (OI) peptides found in plants contain repeated sequences consisting of a hexa-repeat unit (YGH GGG) repeated 7-9 times in tandem, and each unit tightly binds copper. To date, the biochemical roles for OI peptides are not fully understood. Here, we demonstrated that the hexa-repeat unit from OI peptides behaves as metal-binding motif(More)
A previous work suggested that peptides from the histidine-containing copper-binding motifs in human prion protein (PrP) function as peroxidase-like biocatalysts catalyzing the generation of superoxide anion radicals in the presence of neurotransmitters (aromatic monoamines) and phenolics such as tyrosine and tyrosyl residues on proteins. In this study,(More)
Human prion protein has four distinct Cu-binding motifs that catalyze the generation of superoxide coupled to oxidation of phenols and amines. Here, the thermostability of the superoxide-generating prion-derived peptides was tested. Among the peptides tested, two maintained high catalytic activity even after heating and repeated freezing/thawing cycles. The(More)
Free divalent ions of copper (Cu) are capable of generating radical species such as hydroxyl radicals in the presence of hydrogen peroxide or ascorbic acid through Harbor-Weiss-like reactions under physiological conditions. It has been reported that radical-mediated damage to DNA molecules in animal cells leads to programmed cell death. Hence it is(More)
UV-B radiation is an important part of the electromagnetic spectrum emitted by the sun. For much of the period of biological evolution organisms have been exposed to UV radiation, and have developed diverse mechanisms to cope with this potential stress factor. Roots are usually shielded from exposure to UV by the surrounding soil, but may nevertheless be(More)
Previously, generation of superoxide anion (O(2)(*-)) catalyzed by Cu-binding peptides derived from human prion protein (model sequence for helical Cu-binding motif VNITKQHTVTTTT was most active) in the presence of catecholamines and related aromatic monoamines such as phenylethylamine and tyramine, has been reported [Kawano, T., Int J Biol Sci 2007; 3:(More)