Tomoko Hagiwara

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Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) is a key enzyme regulating folate metabolism, which affects DNA synthesis and methylation. This study investigated the relation of MTHFR C677T and A1298C polymorphisms to colorectal cancer in a case-control study in Fukuoka, Japan. The subjects comprised 685 incident cases of histologically confirmed colorectal(More)
Sivelestat sodium hydrate is a selective inhibitor of neutrophil elastase, which is effective in acute lung injury associated with systemic inflammatory response syndrome. However, the effectiveness of sivelestat in sepsis has not been fully examined. In the present study, the effect of sivelestat on severe sepsis in a rat cecal ligation and puncture (CLP)(More)
Although disialyl glycosphingolipids such as GD3 and GD2 have been considered to be associated with malignant tumours, whether branched-type disialyl glycosphingolipids show such an association is not well understood. We investigated the sialyltransferases responsible for the biosynthesis of DSGG (disialylgalactosylgloboside) from MSGG(More)
Bile acids have long been implicated in the etiology of colorectal cancer, but epidemiologic evidence remains elusive. Cholesterol 7alpha-hydroxylase (CYP7A1) is the rate-limiting enzyme in the synthesis of bile acids from cholesterol in the liver, and thus may be an important determinant of bile acid production. We examined the association between the(More)
The rec-assay with Bacillus subtilis strains H17 Rec+ and M45 Rec- was carried out with their spores. The use of spores ensured more than 50 times higher sensitivities with several typical chemical mutagens compared with those with vegetative cells. This improved sensitivity enabled us to detect DNA-damaging activities of typical metabolically activated(More)
A collaborative study was conducted to evaluate whether a replicative DNA synthesis (RDS) test using the rat liver can detect nongenotoxic (Ames-negative) hepatocarcinogens with three or seven daily administrations at dose-levels effective in long-term bioassays. The assay methods were well-validated by the 14 participants. Of six compounds tested, carbon(More)
We describe in situ hybridization protocols using peptide nucleic acid (PNA) as a probe for detecting HIV-1 DNA in virus-infected cells and the subsequent detection of cellular and/or viral proteins. Because a PNA probe of approx 20 bases was sufficiently long to detect a specific target sequence, a conserved sequence of such a short length was easily(More)
Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase is a key enzyme in folate metabolism, which affects DNA synthesis and methylation and is possibly linked to colorectal carcinogenesis. Alcohol and acetaldehyde have an adverse effect on folate metabolism. This study investigated the relationship of functional MTHFR C677T and ALDH2 polymorphisms to colorectal adenomas with(More)
High-mobility-group box chromosomal protein 1 (HMGB1) has recently been identified as a late mediator of various kinds of acute and chronic inflammation. A method for efficiently removing HMGB1 from systemic circulation could be a promising therapy for HMGB1-mediated inflammatory diseases. It is well known that the cationic portion of HMGB1 binds to(More)