Tomoko G. Yamazaki

Learn More
Amyloid beta-peptide (Abeta) is known to accumulate in senile plaques of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients and is now widely believed to play a major role in the disease. Two populations of peptides occur terminating either at amino acid 40 or at amino acid 42 (Abeta1-40 and Abeta1-42). Alternative N-terminal cleavages produce additional heterogeneity(More)
The present study was carried out to determine steroid biosynthesis from cholesterol in the brain of adult male Japanese quails. As an initial step of the experiments, the concentrations of pregnenolone, dehydroepiandrosterone and their sulfate esters in the brain and plasma extracts were measured by specific radioimmunoassays (RIAs). To exclude the(More)
A growing body of evidence has suggested that oxidative stress causes cardiac injuries during ischemia/reperfusion. Extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERKs) have been reported to play pivotal roles in many aspects of cell functions and to be activated by oxidative stress in some types of cells. In this study, we examined oxidative stress-evoked signal(More)
From the analysis of restriction maps of the Amy region in eight sibling species belonging to the Drosophila melanogaster species subgroup, we herein show that the patterns of duplication of the Amy gene are almost the same in all species. This indicates that duplication occurred before speciation within this species subgroup. From the nucleotide sequence(More)
During embryonic lymphatic development, Prox1 homeobox transcription factor is expressed in a subset of venous blood vascular endothelial cells (BECs) in which COUP-TFII orphan nuclear receptor is highly expressed. Prox1 induces differentiation of BECs into lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) by inducing the expression of various LEC markers including(More)
We have analyzed free chiral amino acids (aspartate and serine) in the human frontal cortex at different ontogenic stages (from 14 weeks of gestation to 101 years of age) by HPLC with fluorometric detection after derivatization with N-tert-butyl-oxycarbonyl-L-cysteine and o-phthaldialdehyde. Exceptionally high levels of free D-aspartate and D-serine were(More)
Amyloid beta-protein (A beta), the principal constituent of senile plaques seen in Alzheimer's disease (AD), is derived by proteolysis from the beta-amyloid precursor protein (beta PP). The mechanism of A beta production in neurons, which are hypothesized to be a rich source of A beta in brain, remains to be defined. In this study, we describe a detailed(More)
Analysis of 41 histone homologous clones from an isogenic gene library of Drosophila melanogaster showed that non-histone fragments interrupt the histone repetitive clusters at several sites. Long (L) and short (S) forms of the repeating units are distinguished by the insertion of 240 bp into the spacer between H1 and H3 of the L units; Each form appears to(More)
We have previously shown that stretching cardiac myocytes evokes activation of protein kinase C (PKC), mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs), and 90-kD ribosomal S6 kinase (p90rsk). To clarify the signal transduction pathways from external mechanical stress to nuclear gene expression in stretch-induced cardiac hypertrophy, we have elucidated protein(More)
Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) belong to the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) superfamily of multifunctional cytokines. BMP induces its signal to regulate growth, differentiation, and apoptosis of various cells upon trimeric complex formation with two distinct type I and type II receptors on the cell surface: both are single-transmembrane(More)