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Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling is controlled by a variety of regulators that target either signaling receptors or activated Smad complexes. Among the negative regulators, Smad7 antagonizes TGF-beta signaling mainly through targeting the signaling receptors, whereas SnoN and c-Ski repress signaling at the transcriptional level through(More)
Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta plays a pivotal role in regulation of progression of cancer through effects on tumor microenvironment as well as on cancer cells. TGF-beta inhibitors have recently been shown to prevent the growth and metastasis of certain cancers. However, there may be adverse effects caused by TGF-beta signaling inhibition, including(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES AKI is a major clinical problem and predictor of outcome in hospitalized patients. In 2013, the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) group published the third consensus AKI definition and classification system after the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of Kidney Function, and End-Stage Kidney Disease (RIFLE) and the Acute(More)
In order to clarify technical problems in evaluating neurotoxicity of chemicals and to solve them, a collaborative study with a common protocol was conducted at 11 domestic safety research laboratories. In the collaborative study, acrylamide and IDPN (3,3'-iminodipropionitrile), which are known neurotoxicants, were used, and the chemicals were orally(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of cervical spine injury (CSI) is difficult in patients with an altered level of consciousness as a result of a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients with TBI and older adults are at increased risk for CSI. This study examined the various risk factors for CSI among trauma patients with TBI and whether adults who were older (≥55 years)(More)
We report a novel case of eosinophilic orbital myositis associated with Churg-Strauss syndrome. A 56-year-old man with a 20-year history of chronic sinusitis and seasonal allergic rhinitis was admitted because of fever, swelling of cheeks and extremities, diplopia, and eosinophilia. With findings from gadolinium-enhanced FST1WI of the orbits and a muscle(More)
BACKGROUND Early defibrillation plays a key role in improving survival in patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrests due to ventricular fibrillation (ventricular-fibrillation cardiac arrests), and the use of publicly accessible automated external defibrillators (AEDs) can help to reduce the time to defibrillation for such patients. However, the effect of(More)
In order to prevent health risk from environmental chemicals, particularly for progeny, we have been performing a risk assessment for various chemicals including therapeutic agents. This paper reports the functional effects of maternal exposure to psychoactive drugs, anticancer drugs, or herbicides on the offspring of rats. Maternal exposure to imipramine(More)
We investigated the effect of a mu-opioid agonist, DAGO, on the respiratory frequency of pons-medulla-spinal cord preparations from newborn rats. Bath application of a low concentration of DAGO (0.2 microM) facilitated respiratory rhythm in pons-medulla-spinal cord preparations, whereas it induced respiratory depression in medulla-spinal cord preparations(More)
This study aimed to report lifetime and 4-week low back pain (LBP) prevalence and examine factors associated with chronic LBP and back pain disability over a lifetime in a Japanese adult population. In February 2011, 1,063,083 adults aged 20–79 years registered as internet research volunteers were randomly selected to participate in a questionnaire survey.(More)