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Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta plays a pivotal role in regulation of progression of cancer through effects on tumor microenvironment as well as on cancer cells. TGF-beta inhibitors have recently been shown to prevent the growth and metastasis of certain cancers. However, there may be adverse effects caused by TGF-beta signaling inhibition, including(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) signaling is controlled by a variety of regulators that target either signaling receptors or activated Smad complexes. Among the negative regulators, Smad7 antagonizes TGF-beta signaling mainly through targeting the signaling receptors, whereas SnoN and c-Ski repress signaling at the transcriptional level through(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES AKI is a major clinical problem and predictor of outcome in hospitalized patients. In 2013, the Kidney Disease: Improving Global Outcomes (KDIGO) group published the third consensus AKI definition and classification system after the Risk, Injury, Failure, Loss of Kidney Function, and End-Stage Kidney Disease (RIFLE) and the Acute(More)
In order to clarify technical problems in evaluating neurotoxicity of chemicals and to solve them, a collaborative study with a common protocol was conducted at 11 domestic safety research laboratories. In the collaborative study, acrylamide and IDPN (3,3'-iminodipropionitrile), which are known neurotoxicants, were used, and the chemicals were orally(More)
PURPOSE This study aimed to report lifetime and 4-week low back pain (LBP) prevalence and examine factors associated with chronic LBP and back pain disability over a lifetime in a Japanese adult population. METHODS In February 2011, 1,063,083 adults aged 20-79 years registered as internet research volunteers were randomly selected to participate in a(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis of cervical spine injury (CSI) is difficult in patients with an altered level of consciousness as a result of a traumatic brain injury (TBI). Patients with TBI and older adults are at increased risk for CSI. This study examined the various risk factors for CSI among trauma patients with TBI and whether adults who were older (≥55 years)(More)
OBJECTIVES Although it is understood that work-related factors, including job demands, job control, and workplace support, are associated with workers' health and well-being, the role played by personal characteristics, especially workaholism, has not been fully investigated. This study examined workaholism's associations with psychological ill health, low(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the association of neck and shoulder discomfort (Katakori) with somatization and work-related factors (job demand, job control, and worksite support) in Japanese workers. METHODS Cross-sectional data from 2,022 Japanese workers were analyzed using a logistic regression model to examine the association between Katakori and(More)
We report a case of delayed awakening with characteristic repeated loss of consciousness after remifentanil infusion complicated by leakage from an intravenous catheter. A 30-year-old male underwent microlaryngeal surgery for a vocal cord polyp. During anesthetic induction, infiltration from an intravenous (IV) line in the left forearm was observed 10 min(More)
We investigated the effect of a mu-opioid agonist, DAGO, on the respiratory frequency of pons-medulla-spinal cord preparations from newborn rats. Bath application of a low concentration of DAGO (0.2 microM) facilitated respiratory rhythm in pons-medulla-spinal cord preparations, whereas it induced respiratory depression in medulla-spinal cord preparations(More)