Tomoko Akeda

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BACKGROUND Granzyme B (GrB) is recognized to induce apoptosis; however, little is known about its possible role in other biological events. IL-18, a potent inflammatory cytokine, is produced as an inactive precursor (proIL-18). Several cells, including monocytes/macrophage lineage and non-hematopoietic cells such as keratinocytes, produce proIL-18. ProIL-18(More)
BACKGROUND 1,24-Dihydroxyvitamin D₃ (tacalcitol), a vitamin D(3) compound, has been used to treat T cell-mediated inflammatory skin diseases such as psoriasis, prurigo and vitiligo. The best-known mechanism of action of this compound is inhibition of the abnormal proliferation of keratinocytes and subsequent maturation; however, its effects on skin T-cell(More)
T cells have been classified as belonging to the Th1 or Th2 subsets according to the production of defining cytokines such as IFN-γ and IL-4. The discovery of the Th17 lineage and regulatory T cells shifted the simple concept of the Th1/Th2 balance into a 4-way mechanistic pathway of local and systemic immunological activity. Clinically, the blockage of(More)
Malignant melanoma (MM) is an aggressive cutaneous malignancy associated with poor prognosis; many putatively therapeutic agents have been administered, but with mostly unsuccessful results. Propionibacterium acnes (P. acnes) is an aerotolerant anaerobic gram-positive bacteria that causes acne and inflammation. After being engulfed and processed by(More)
IL-18 is a pro-inflammatory cytokine of the IL-1 family involved in Th1/Th2 polarization. IL-18 is produced and stored as an inactive precursor (proIL-18) in several cells including keratinocytes, and thus appropriate processing is required to release its active form. In a previous study using recombinant protein, we demonstrated that granzyme B (GrB)(More)
Tzanck test has been recently re-evaluated as a method for the diagnosis of herpes virus infection. Giemsa staining for the Tzanck test is time-consuming and laborious. There is a need to develop simple and quick staining methods for bedside diagnosis of this disease. We report a single step and quick method for staining herpes giant cells in Tzanck smears(More)
BACKGROUND Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a recurrent inflammatory skin disease characterized by dominant T-helper (Th) 2 cytokine response. Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) has been used for preventing tuberculosis, and is regarded as a strong Th1 cytokine inducer. Antigen (Ag) 85B is a secretory protein present in Mycobacterium species that induces Th1 cytokine(More)
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