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BACKGROUND Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome (SFTS) is caused by SFTS virus (SFTSV), a novel bunyavirus reported to be endemic in central and northeastern China. This article describes the first identified patient with SFTS and a retrospective study on SFTS in Japan. METHODS  Virologic and pathologic examinations were performed on the patient's(More)
Severe fever with thrombocytopenia syndrome virus (SFTSV) is the causative agent of SFTS, an emerging hemorrhagic fever. This disease has a high case fatality rate and is endemic to China, South Korea, and Japan. Because there are currently no effective therapeutics for SFTS, potent and safe antivirals are needed for the treatment of SFTS. The inhibitory(More)
The role of secretory IgA in conferring cross-protective immunity was examined in polymeric (p)IgR knockout (KO) mice immunized intranasally with different inactivated vaccines prepared from A/PR/8/34 (H1N1), A/Yamagata/120/86 (H1N1), A/Beijing/262/95 (H1N1), and B/Ibaraki/2/85 viruses and infected with the A/PR/8/34 virus in the upper respiratory tract(More)
Poliovirus selectively replicates in neurons in the spinal cord and brainstem, although poliovirus receptor (PVR) expression is observed in both the target and nontarget tissues in humans and transgenic mice expressing human PVR (PVR-transgenic mice). We assessed the role of alpha/beta interferon (IFN) in determining tissue tropism by comparing the(More)
The roles of IgA and IgG antibodies (Abs) against hemagglutinin (HA) in the prevention of lethal influenza pneumonia in vaccinated mice were examined in terms of distribution and concentration of the Abs in the mucus or the serous fluid in different sites of the respiratory tract (RT), mucosa of the nose, trachea, bronchi and bronchioli and the alveolar(More)
The kinetics of infectious virus (p.f.u.), total virus and virus-Ig complex formation following influenza A/PR8 (H1N1) viral infection was examined in the nasal secretions of naive mice and mice immunized with A/PR8, A/Yamagata (H1N1), A/Guizhou (H3N2) and B/Ibaraki influenza viruses. The total number of virus particles and the number within virus-Ig(More)
A Japanese man suffered from acute respiratory tract infection after returning to Japan from Bali, Indonesia in 2007. Miyazaki-Bali/2007, a strain of the species of Nelson Bay orthoreovirus, was isolated from the patient's throat swab using Vero cells, in which syncytium formation was observed. This is the sixth report describing a patient with respiratory(More)
Canine distemper virus (CDV) has recently expanded its host range to nonhuman primates. A large CDV outbreak occurred in rhesus monkeys at a breeding farm in Guangxi Province, China, in 2006, followed by another outbreak in rhesus monkeys at an animal center in Beijing in 2008. In 2008 in Japan, a CDV outbreak also occurred in cynomolgus monkeys imported(More)
A canine distemper virus (CDV) strain, CYN07-dV, associated with a lethal outbreak in monkeys, used human signaling lymphocyte activation molecule as a receptor only poorly but readily adapted to use it following a P541S substitution in the hemagglutinin protein. Since CYN07-dV had an intrinsic ability to use human nectin-4, the adapted virus became able to(More)
BACKGROUND Ebola viruses cause viral hemorrhagic fever in humans and non-human primates and are endemic in Africa. Reston ebolavirus (REBOV) has caused several epizootics in cynomolgus monkeys (Macaca fascicularis) but is not associated with any human disease. In late 2008, REBOV infections were identified in swine for the first time in the Philippines. (More)