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G207 is a conditionally replicating derivative of herpes simplex virus (HSV) type-1 strain F engineered with deletions of both gamma(1)34.5 loci and a lacZ insertion disabling the UL39 gene. We have demonstrated the efficacy of G207 in treating malignant glial tumors in athymic mice, as well as the safety of intracerebral G207 inoculation in mice and in(More)
Despite aggressive surgery, radiotherapy, and chemotherapy, treatment of malignant glioma remains formidable. Although the concept of cancer stem cells reveals a new framework of cancer therapeutic strategies against malignant glioma, it remains unclear how glioma stem cells could be eradicated. Here, we demonstrate that autocrine TGF-beta signaling plays(More)
Although the concept of cancer stem cells or cancer-initiating cells had created a new paradigm for the treatment of malignant tumors, it remains unclear how cancer-initiating cells can be eradicated. We have previously reported that the transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β)-Sox4-Sox2 pathway is essential for glioma-initiating cells to retain their stemness,(More)
We present here an unusual case of papillary neuroepithelial tumor of the pineal region. The patient was a 29-year-old female who presented with headaches. A computed tomography scan revealed a tumorous lesion at the pineal region and hydrocephalus. The resected tumor was composed of columnar and cuboidal cells showing characteristics of papillary growth.(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was better preoperative planning and direct application to intraoperative procedures through accurate coregistration of diffusion-tensor (DT) imaging-based tractography results and anatomical three-dimensional magnetic resonance images and subsequent importation of the combined images to a neuronavigation system (functional(More)
Cancer stem cells are believed to be responsible for tumor initiation and development. Much current research on human brain tumors is focused on the stem-like properties of glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs). However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms of cell cycle regulation that discriminate between GSCs and differentiated glioblastoma cells.(More)
OBJECT There is continuous interest in the monitoring of language function during tumor resection around the frontotemporal regions of the dominant hemisphere. The aim of this study was to visualize language-related subcortical connections, such as the arcuate fasciculus (AF) by diffusion tensor (DT) imaging-based tractography. METHODS Twenty-two patients(More)
OBJECTIVE It is known that functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and magnetoencephalography (MEG) are sensitive to the frontal and temporal language function, respectively. Therefore, we established combined use of fMRI and MEG to make reliable identification of the global language dominance in pathological brain conditions. METHODS We investigated(More)
Replication-competent, attenuated herpes simplex virus (HSV) vectors have been developed for viral oncolytic therapy of primary and metastatic malignant brain tumors. However, the role of the host immune responses in the brain has not been elucidated. N18 neuroblastoma cells were used as a tumor model in syngeneic A/J mice to test the therapeutic efficacy(More)
BACKGROUND Although radiotherapy remains the main postoperative treatment for patients with malignant glioma, modifications to regimens have not improved the poor outlook of patients with this disease. We aimed to investigate whether high-dose conformal radiotherapy improves the survival of patients with supratentorial malignant glioma compared with(More)