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IgG4-related disease is a new disease classification established in Japan in the 21st century. Patients with IgG4-related disease display hyper-IgG4-gammaglobulinemia, massive infiltration of IgG4+ plasma cells into tissue, and good response to glucocorticoids. Since IgG4 overexpression is also observed in other disorders, it is necessary to diagnose(More)
BACKGROUND Cast immobilization is known to induce pain in humans and experimental animal models; however, the detailed mechanisms underlying this pain have yet to be elucidated. Recently, several lines of evidence have indicated that morphological changes in sensory innervation and changes in the expression of pain-related molecules in the epidermis are(More)
This study examined mechanical and thermal hypersensitivity in the rat hind paw during cast immobilization of the hind limbs for 4 or 8 weeks and following cast removal. Blood flow, skin temperature, and volume of the rat hind paw were assessed in order to determine peripheral circulation of the hind limbs. Sensitization was analyzed by measuring the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of superantigen in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) by assaying the serum levels of staphylococcal enterotoxin B (SEB) antibodies. METHODS Serum IgG and IgM SEB antibodies were measured using an enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and confirmed by Western blot analysis. The T cell receptor V beta (TCR V beta) repertoire(More)
The objective of this study was to detect autoantibodies against granzyme B cleavage products in sera from patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome (SS). Cell lysates derived from human salivary gland (HSG) cell lines were incubated with granzyme B. The susceptibility to the generation of cleavage fragments of SS autoantigens was assayed by immunoblotting(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify potential mutations in the tumour necrosis factor receptor superfamily 1A gene (TNFRSF1A) in a Japanese female patient with recurrent fever complicated by systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and in her family members. METHODS DNA sequencing of exons 1-10 of the TNFRSF1A gene was performed to determine mutations that might be(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate anti-apoptogenic mechanism of transforming growth factor beta1 (TGFbeta1) towards synovial cells. METHODS Isolated synovial cells, treated or not with TGFbeta1, were cultured in the presence or absence of anti-Fas IgM, proteasome inhibitor Z-Leu-Leu-Leu-aldehyde (LLL-CHO), etoposide, or C2-ceramide. After cultivation, apoptosis of(More)
BACKGROUND IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a new clinical entity of unknown etiology characterized by elevated serum IgG4 and tissue infiltration by IgG4-positive plasma cells. Although aberrancies in acquired immune system functions, including increases in Th2 and Treg cytokines observed in patients with IgG4-RD, its true etiology remains unclear. To(More)
The precise cytokine networks in the serum of individuals with familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) that are associated with its pathogenesis have been unknown. Here, we attempted to identify specific biomarkers to diagnose or assess disease activity in FMF patients. We measured serum levels of 45 cytokines in 75 FMF patients and 40 age-matched controls by(More)
To determine prognostic factors of clinically relevant radiographic progression (CRRP) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in clinical practice. We performed a multicenter prospective study in Japan of biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drug (bDMARD)-naive RA patients with moderate to high disease activity treated with conventional synthetic(More)