Tomoki Nishiyama

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The moss, Physcomitrella patens has been used as a useful material in many fields, because of its simple body plan, ease of gene targeting, and other reasons. Although many mutants have been reported, no method to isolate the corresponding genes was reported. We developed a gene tagging and gene-trap system in P. patens by using the shuttle mutagenesis(More)
Stable attachment of external epithelia to the basement membrane and underlying stroma is mediated by transmembrane proteins such as the integrin alpha6beta4 and bullous pemphigoid antigen 2 within the hemidesmosomes along the basolateral surface of the epithelial cell and their ligands that include a specialized subfamily of laminins. The laminin 5(More)
The basal relationship of bryophytes and tracheophytes is problematic in land plant phylogeny. In addition to cladistic analyses of morphological data, molecular phylogenetic analyses of the nuclear small-subunit ribosomal RNA gene and the plastic gene rbcL have been performed, but no confident conclusions have been reached. Using the maximum-likelihood(More)
Insulin and hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) induced morphologically different membrane rufflings in KB cells. Insulin-induced membrane ruffling was inhibited by microinjection of rho GDI, an inhibitory GDP/GTP exchange regulator for both rho p21 and rac p21 small GTP-binding proteins, but not inhibited by microinjection of botulinum exoenzyme C3, known to(More)
INTRODUCTION Fever is frequently observed in critically ill patients. An independent association of fever with increased mortality has been observed in non-neurological critically ill patients with mixed febrile etiology. The association of fever and antipyretics with mortality, however, may be different between infective and non-infective illness. (More)
Epithelial cells maintained in culture medium containing low calcium proteolytically process laminin 5 (alpha3beta3gamma2) within the alpha3 and gamma2 chains (). Experiments were designed to identify the enzyme(s) responsible for the laminin 5 processing and the sites of proteolytic cleavage. To characterize the nature of laminin 5 processing, we(More)
BACKGROUND Germinated barley foodstuff (GBF) has been shown to attenuate intestinal injury in animal models, largely by increasing luminal short-chain fatty acid production. AIM To investigate the safety and efficacy of GBF in the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). METHODS Ten patients with active UC received 30 g of GBF daily for 4 weeks in an(More)
OBJECTIVE Transcription factor NF-kappaB plays a pivotal role in inflammatory responses by up-regulating mRNA expression of bioactive molecules such as chemokines and adhesion molecules. The present study was designed to elucidate the implication of NF-kappaB in Helicobacter pylori-associated gastritis (HAG). METHODS We examined 41 patients with HAG and(More)
BACKGROUND The present study was aimed at clarifying the mechanism of orthostatic hypotension (OH) that occurs in elderly persons and at investigating assisting methods to prevent OH by evaluating changes in autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity and cerebral circulation of elderly persons when engaged in passive standing. METHODS Eight elderly(More)
The death receptor Fas (Apo1/CD95) and Fas ligand (FasL) system is recognised as a major pathway for the induction of apoptosis in vivo, and antiapoptosis via its blockade plays a critical role in carcinogenesis and progression in several malignancies. However, the function of Fas-FasL system in urothelial cancer (UC) has not been elucidated. We therefore(More)