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Microtubules (MTs) were visualized in living cells of several tissues in transgenicArabidopsis thaliana. The transformed Arabidopsis plant was obtained by infecting it withAgrobacterium tumefaciens carrying the GFP-TUA6 plasmid. The fluorescence of the MTs was due to the fluorescence of GFP-TUA6 that was polymerized into the MTs. The distribution patterns(More)
Many CpG islands have tissue-dependent and differentially methylated regions (T-DMRs) in normal cells and tissues. To elucidate how DNA methyltransferases (Dnmts) participate in methylation of the genomic components, we investigated the genome-wide DNA methylation pattern of the T-DMRs with Dnmt1-, Dnmt3a-, and/or Dnmt3b-deficient ES cells by restriction(More)
Early studies proposed that DNA methylation could have a role in regulating gene expression during development [Riggs, A.D. (1975) Cytogenet. Cell Genet. 14, 9-25]. However, some studies of DNA methylation in known tissue-specific genes during development do not support a major role for DNA methylation. In the results presented here, tissue-specific(More)
The cell surface hydrophobicity of Serratia marcescens appears to be an important factor in its adhesion to and colonization of various interfaces. The cell surface components responsible for mediating the hydrophobicity of S. marcescens have not been completely elucidated, but may include prodigiosin and other factors. In the present report we have(More)
AGFP-TUA6 (α-tubulin 6) gene was transduced in theArabidopsis thaliana genome, and the GFP-TUA6 protein was expressed by 20% of the total α-tubulin amount. The expressed GFP-TUA6 protein was incorporated into cortical microtubules (cMTs), so that the cMTs could be visualized under the fluorescence microscope in the living cells. The rearrangement of cMTs(More)
Male-associated DNA sequences were analyzed in Cannabis sativa L. (hemp), a dioecious plant with heteromorphic sex chromosomes. DNA was isolated from male and female plants and subjected to random amplified polymorphic DNA analysis. Of 120 primers, 17 yielded 400 to 1500-bp fragments detectable in male, but not female, plants. These fragments were cloned(More)
Understanding the role of 'epigenetic' changes such as DNA methylation and chromatin remodeling has now become critical in understanding many biological processes. In order to delineate the global methylation pattern in a given genomic DNA, computer software has been developed to create a virtual image of restriction landmark genomic scanning (Vi-RLGS).(More)
Heavy-ion irradiation is a new method of mutation breeding to produce new cultivars. We established the application of this method in rice plants to obtain mutants. Rice seeds were irradiated by C or Ne ions (135MeV/u) with a LET (linear energy transfer) of 22.7 or 64.2 keV/microm, respectively. Chlorophyll-deficient mutants (CDM) segregated in M2 progeny(More)
Retrotransposons are present in all plant genomes and play important roles in genome size, genome structure remodeling, gene function, and genome evolution. Eight novel long terminal repeat retrotransposons were identified from a bacterial artificial chromosome library of Japanese pear (Pyrus pyrifolia). On the basis of the order of gene arrangement within(More)
A positive selection system for gene disruption using a sucrose-sensitive transgenic rhizobium was established and used for the molecular characterization of mutations induced by ion beam irradiations. Single nucleotide substitutions, insertions, and deletions were found to occur in the sucrose sensitivity gene, sacB, when the reporter line was irradiated(More)