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We cloned the cDNAs and genes of two different types of toll-like receptors from Japanese flounder. The results of homology searches suggested that these genes (designated JF-TLR2 and JF-TLR22) are homologues of human TLR2 and fugu TLR22, respectively. The cDNAs of JF-TLR2 and JF-TLR22 encoded 818 and 961 amino acid residues, respectively. JF-TLR2 and(More)
Ferritins are the major iron storage protein in the cytoplasm of cells, responsible for regulating levels of intracellular iron. Ferritin genes are widely distributed in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In mammals, ferritin molecules are composed of heavy- (H) and light- (L) chain subunits; amphibian genomes contain three ferritin-type genes (H; middle, M;(More)
The interleukin-1 receptor/toll-like receptor (IL-1R/TLR) superfamily signaling involves myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) that acts as an important adapter protein. A Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) MyD88 (jfMyD88) cDNA and gene were cloned, and found to have lengths of 1.5 and 3.01 kb, respectively. The ORF encodes 285 amino acids that(More)
We have investigated the protective effect of immunization of juvenile red seabream, Pagrus major, with DNA plasmids encoding the viral major capsid protein (MCP) and an open reading frame (ORF) containing a transmembrane domain against red seabream iridovirus (RSIV). The expression of the MHC class I transcript in the DNA-vaccinated fish was significantly(More)
Transcriptional changes in the peripheral blood leucocytes (PBL) of Japanese flounder Paralichthys olivaceus challenged by Edwardsiella tarda and viral hemorrhagic septicemia virus (VHSV) were investigated using suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH) coupled with cDNA microarray analysis. First, we constructed an SSH cDNA library using mRNA samples(More)
Outbreaks of koi herpesvirus (KHV) infection in carp are still a serious problem worldwide. KHV is closely related to other two cyprinid herpesviruses, pox herpesvirus (CHV) and haematopoietic necrosis herpesvirus (CyHV-2) in goldfish. In this study, two major KHV antigenic proteins (ORF62 and ORF68) were identified by immunoscreening using a KHV-specific(More)
Intelectins (IntL) are Ca(2+)-dependent secretory glycoproteins that play a role in the innate immune response. The mammalian IntL is also known as lactoferrin receptor (LfR) that is involved in iron metabolism. The objective of this study was to characterize the intelectin genes in both channel catfish and blue catfish, to determine their genomic(More)
Toll-like receptor (TLR) 9 cDNA and gene were cloned from Japanese flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus. The Japanese flounder TLR9 cDNA encodes 1065 amino acids. The leucine-rich domain (LRD) and the Toll/interleukin-1 receptor (TIR) domain found in other vertebrate TLR9s were conserved in Japanese flounder TLR9. The gene is composed of three exons and two(More)
Edwardsiella tarda is an enterobacterium which causes edwardsiellosis, a fatal disease of cultured fishes such as red sea bream, eel, and flounder. Preventing the occurrence of E. tarda infection has thus been an important issue in aquaculture. E. tarda has been isolated from other animals and from many environments; however, the relationship between the(More)
Through the Community Sequencing Program, a catfish EST sequencing project was carried out through a collaboration between the catfish research community and the Department of Energy's Joint Genome Institute. Prior to this project, only a limited EST resource from catfish was available for the purpose of SNP identification. A total of 438,321 quality ESTs(More)