Tomoka Minamikawa

Learn More
Mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) and cytochrome c redistribution from mitochondria are two events associated with apoptosis. We investigated whether an MPT event obligatorily leads to cytochrome c release in vivo. We have previously shown that treatment of human osteosarcoma cells with the protonophore m-chlorophenylhydrazone (CCCP) for 6 h(More)
In an attempt to analyse the kinetics of angiogenesis in the brain, we developed a new lectin-histochemical staining technique for identifying the vasculature. Three horseradish-peroxidase-conjugated lectins, i.e., Griffonia simplicifolia agglutinin 1 (GS1), Ricinus communis agglutinin 1 (RCA1) and soybean agglutinin (SBA), selectively stained vascular(More)
The photosensitisation properties of a mitochondrially localised green fluorescent protein (GFP) variant were established in cultured monkey kidney cells. We first cloned into a mammalian expression vector the thermostable variant GFP5, fused at its N-terminus to the 16-amino acid mitochondrial targeting sequence of human 3-oxoacyl-CoA thiolase. The(More)
Mitochondrial involvement in the regulation of cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) in cardiac myocytes has been largely discounted by many authors. However, recent evidence, including the results of this study, has forced a reappraisal of this role. [Ca2+]i and Ca2+ in the mitochondria ([Ca2+]m) were measured in this study with specific fluorescent(More)
Severe disruption of mitochondrial function is generally considered to provide a powerful trigger for apoptosis in mammalian cells. We report here that intact cells may undergo the mitochondrial permeability transition and mitochondria swell in a fully reversible manner, without inducing cell death. Cultured human osteosarcoma cells (143B TK-) stained with(More)
It has long been believed that phosphorylase is involved in the synthesis of starch, which constitutes 70 to 80% of the mature rice grain. Aimi and his associates (1, 2, 3) found that during the ripening process a parallel relationship exists between starch synthesis and phosphorylase activity in rice grains. But we can not exclude the possible existence of(More)
The possible involvement of vacuolar cysteine proteinases in degradation of ribulose-bisphosphate carboxylase (Rubisco) in senescing French bean leaves was studied by ultrastructural and immunocytochemical analyses with antibodies raised against the large subunit (LSU) of Rubisco and SH-EP, a cysteine proteinase fromVigna mungo that is immunologically(More)
We describe the first direct visualization of Ca2+ oscillations in the perfused whole rat heart. Dye loading at a low temperature and enhanced optical-section techniques of confocal microscopy by elimination of the refractive index mismatch with use of saline-immersible objective lens enabled us to image multiple Ca2+ waves in the subepicardial myocardium(More)
We report that chloromethyl-X-rosamine (MitoTracker Red), a mitochondrion-selective fluorescent probe, has a strong photosensitising action. Photoirradiation of intact cells loaded with chloromethyl-X-rosamine induces depolarisation of the inner mitochondrial membrane and swelling of mitochondria, subsequently resulting in apoptosis. We have studied human(More)