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PURPOSE To examine the mechanisms of the alteration of serum uric acid level by angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), the effects of ARBs on renal uric acid transporters, including OAT1, OAT3, OAT4, and MRP4, were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Uptakes of uric acid by OAT1-expressing Flp293 cells, by Xenopus oocytes expressing OAT3 or OAT4, and by(More)
Expression of many skeletal muscle-specific genes depends on TEF-1 (transcription enhancer factor-1) and MEF2 transcription factors. In Drosophila, the TEF-1 homolog Scalloped interacts with the cofactor Vestigial to drive differentiation of the wing and indirect flight muscles. Here, we identify three mammalian vestigial-like genes, Vgl-1, Vgl-2, and(More)
Throughout the mammalian spermatogenic pathway, differentiating spermatogenic cells remain in close contact with somatic Sertoli cells, and this has been considered to be essential for the proliferation, differentiation, and survival of spermatogenic cells. It is thought that Sertoli cells form tight junctions to protect developing spermatogenic cells(More)
Quinolone antibacterial agents exhibit high intestinal absorption, selective tissue distribution, and renal and biliary excretion. Several ATP-binding cassette transporters are involved in efflux transport of these agents, but no influx transporters have yet been molecularly identified. In the present study, we aimed to identify the influx transporter(s) of(More)
PURPOSE We investigated whether gefitinib, an anticancer agent, inhibits phosphatidylcholine (PC) biosynthesis and choline uptake by alveolar epithelial type II cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS Uptake of choline and PC biosynthesis were examined in vitro, using human alveolar epithelia-derived cell line A549 and rat alveolar type (AT) II cells as models. (More)
Many muscle-specific genes are regulated by transcriptional enhancer factor-1 (TEF-1), serum response factor (SRF), and myocyte enhancer factor-2 (MEF2) transcription factors. TEF-1 interacts with the MADS domain of SRF and together SRF and TEF-1 co-activate the skeletal alpha-actin promoter. MEF2 factors also contain a MADS domain with 50% amino acid(More)
TEF-1 transcription factors regulate gene expression in skeletal muscle but are not muscle-specific. Instead, TEF-1 factors rely on the muscle-specific cofactor Vestigial-like 2 (Vgl-2), a protein related to Drosophila vestigial. Previously, we showed that Vgl-2 promotes skeletal muscle differentiation and activates muscle-specific promoters. However, the(More)
Amyloid beta-protein 1-42 (Abeta42) is believed to play a causative role in the development of Alzheimer disease (AD), although it is a minor part of Abeta. In contrast, Abeta40 is the predominant secreted form of Abeta and recent studies have suggested that Abeta40 has neuroprotective effects and inhibits amyloid deposition. We have reported that(More)
The present study was designed to identify the organic anion transporting polypeptide (OATP) molecule(s) responsible for the uptake of beta-lactam antibiotics in human liver, using cryopreserved hepatocytes, as well as Xenopus oocytes and cultured cells expressing human OATPs. Nafcillin uptake by human hepatocytes was saturable with a Km of 533 microM. In(More)
PURPOSE We investigated transcriptional regulation of organic anion transporter OATP2B1 (SLCO2B1) that is expressed in multiple tissues such as liver, small intestine, and others and compared it with that of liver-specific OATPs. METHODS The promoter activity was examined by luciferase assay. Specific bindings of transcription factors to the promoter(More)