Tomohito Hayashi

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The aim of this study was to clarify the hormonal and immunological changes in periparturient dairy cows with excessive weight loss following calving. We analyzed leukocyte populations and the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) mRNA of IFN-gamma, IL-4, growth hormone (GH)-receptor (R) and insulin -R and measured the GH and insulin concentrations. Ten(More)
Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is one of the most frequent inherited disorders. The majority of cases are due to mutation of the PKD1 gene, on 16p13.3, while in most of the remainder the disease maps to the PKD2 locus, at chromosome 4q21-q23. Recently, the PKD2 gene has been positionally cloned and three nonsense mutations within the(More)
To clarify the relationship between cellular immune status and nutritive condition in periparturient dairy cows, feeding content, blood profiles, and immune condition were observed in cows from two dairy herds with different types of feed content. Immunological analyses such as leukocyte population and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) mRNA of(More)
During the postpartum period there is a high incidence of mastitis in dairy cows. The reason for this increased risk of mastitis still remains unclear. Since leukocytes in colostrum have an important role in preventing the onset of mastitis, we investigated the leukocyte populations, which express CD4, CD8, CD14, CD21 or WC1, in colostrum as well as in(More)
AIMS To determine the expression of CXCL12 in human spleens with extramedullary haematopoiesis (EMH) for clarifying the association of splenic haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with CXCL12, which has been demonstrated to be a marker of bone marrow niches. METHODS We examined the expression of mRNA for CXCL12 by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase(More)
We identified seven novel variants of streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin G (SPEGG), a superantigen, in Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae or equisimilis isolates from clinical cases of infection in humans and animals. Phylogenetic analysis of the SPEGG variants indicated two clades in the dendrogram: one composed of variants derived from the(More)
To clarify the relationship between cellular immune status and nutritive condition, feeding program, blood profiles, and leukocyte populations were analyzed in two dairy herds experiencing frequent mastitis. Fourteen of the 35 lactating cows in herd A, and 18 of the 50 lactating cows in herd B scored positive on the California Mastitis Test (CMT), and 3 of(More)
In the present study, 30 cows were used to evaluate the changes in the peripheral blood leukocyte subpopulation of dairy cows with digital dermatitis (DD) following hoof trimming and antibiotic treatment. The cows were divided into two groups; 18 cows (DD group) had DD on both hind feet, and 12 cows (control group) had four feet with no clinical(More)
Background. The engagement of CD28 on T cells provides an essential costimulatory signal for T-cell activation and differentiation. Recent studies suggest that CTLA4Ig inhibits T-cell activation in vitro and in vivo, prevents acute and chronic allograft rejection, and induces tolerance in some experimental transplantation models. Methods. The present study(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that simultaneous blockade of CD28- and CD40-mediated costimulatory signals significantly prolongs allograft survival. Although these results led to an expectation of the establishment of specific immunotolerant therapy for organ transplantation, it became evident that these treatments rarely resulted in indefinite allograft(More)