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The aim of this study was to clarify the hormonal and immunological changes in periparturient dairy cows with excessive weight loss following calving. We analyzed leukocyte populations and the peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) mRNA of IFN-gamma, IL-4, growth hormone (GH)-receptor (R) and insulin -R and measured the GH and insulin concentrations. Ten(More)
During the postpartum period there is a high incidence of mastitis in dairy cows. The reason for this increased risk of mastitis still remains unclear. Since leukocytes in colostrum have an important role in preventing the onset of mastitis, we investigated the leukocyte populations, which express CD4, CD8, CD14, CD21 or WC1, in colostrum as well as in(More)
We identified seven novel variants of streptococcal pyrogenic exotoxin G (SPEGG), a superantigen, in Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. dysgalactiae or equisimilis isolates from clinical cases of infection in humans and animals. Phylogenetic analysis of the SPEGG variants indicated two clades in the dendrogram: one composed of variants derived from the(More)
AIMS To determine the expression of CXCL12 in human spleens with extramedullary haematopoiesis (EMH) for clarifying the association of splenic haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) with CXCL12, which has been demonstrated to be a marker of bone marrow niches. METHODS We examined the expression of mRNA for CXCL12 by quantitative reverse transcription polymerase(More)
To investigate the effect of hoof trimming before the dry period, the hooves of 10 cows (trimmed group) were trimmed at 79.6 +/- 8.6 days before parturition and the hooves of 52 cows were left untrimmed (control group). Blood biochemistry and hormone concentrations were investigated for 6 cows from each group. The daily milk yield after parturition in the(More)
BACKGROUND It has been shown that simultaneous blockade of CD28- and CD40-mediated costimulatory signals significantly prolongs allograft survival. Although these results led to an expectation of the establishment of specific immunotolerant therapy for organ transplantation, it became evident that these treatments rarely resulted in indefinite allograft(More)
To clarify the relationship between cellular immune status and nutritive condition in periparturient dairy cows, feeding content, blood profiles, and immune condition were observed in cows from two dairy herds with different types of feed content. Immunological analyses such as leukocyte population and peripheral blood mononuclear cell (PBMC) mRNA of(More)
Somatic cell counts (SCC) measurements are typically performed using quantitative methods, such as the Breed method (Breed) and the Fossomatic method (FSCC). The DeLaval cell counter (DCC) developed recently is a quantitative somatic cell counter with a low initial cost and superior portability. However, since the DCC was specifically developed for(More)
The purpose of this study was to clarify whether weight change rate (WCR) is useful in evaluating herd health. Five herds (A, B, C, D, and E) were examined monthly for approximately 1 year to measure both WCR and BCS. WCR was calculated using the following equation: WCR (%) = (body weight of current month-body weight of the preceding month)/body weight of(More)