Tomohisa Nishiwaki

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Xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) is a genetic disorder associated with defects in nucleotide excision repair, which eliminates a wide variety of helix-distorting types of DNA damage including sunlight-induced pyrimidine dimers. In addition to skin disease, approximately 30% of XP patients develop progressive neurological disease, which has been hypothesized to be(More)
OBJECTIVE Early-onset ataxia with ocular motor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia (EAOH)/ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) is an autosomal recessive form of cerebellar ataxia. The causative protein for EAOH/AOA1, aprataxin (APTX), interacts with X-ray repair cross-complementing 1 (XRCC1), a scaffold DNA repair protein for single-strand breaks (SSBs).(More)
Early-onset ataxia with ocular motor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia is an autosomal recessive form of cerebellar ataxia that occurs most commonly in Japan but is also frequently seen in Europe. This disease is caused by mutations in the aprataxin gene, but the functions of the gene product and the pathogenic mechanism remain unclear. The present study provides(More)
Early-onset ataxia with ocular motor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia (EAOH)/ataxia with oculomotor apraxia type 1 (AOA1) is caused by mutations in the gene encoding aprataxin (APTX). Although several in vitro findings proposed that impaired enzymatic activities of APTX are responsible for EAOH/AOA1, potential instability of mutant proteins has also been(More)
A 72-year-old man with subacute right upper limb palsy was diagnosed with cerebral infarction at another hospital. However, the head magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans showed no abnormalities. He was later transferred to our hospital because of cognitive dysfunctions. Because his symptoms had gradually worsened, a second head MRI was performed on(More)
To get a clue to understand how mutations in the XPD gene result in different skin cancer susceptibilities in patients with xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) or trichothiodystrophy (TTD), a thorough understanding of their nucleotide excision repair (NER) defects is essential. Here, we extensively characterize the possible causes of NER defects in XP-D and in TTD(More)
In this report we describe a 72-year-old woman who had cytomegalovirus infection-related Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) associated with multiple immunoglobulin M (IgM) anti-ganglioside antibodies. She became tetraplegic with respiratory failure, but recovered completely after intravenous immunoglobulin therapy and plasmapheresis. The serum contained(More)
Estrogen-DNA adducts are potential biomarkers for assessing the risk and development of estrogen-associated cancers. 4-Hydroxyequilenin (4-OHEN) and 4-hydroxyequilin (4-OHEQ), the metabolites of equine estrogens present in common hormone replacement therapy (HRT) formulations, are capable of producing bulky 4-OHEN-DNA adducts. Although the formation of(More)
Early-onset ataxia with ocular motor apraxia and hypoalbuminemia (EAOH) is one of the most common forms of autosomal recessive cerebellar ataxia. We identified six new alternative transcripts produced by the aprataxin gene responsible for EAOH. Total eight transcripts encoded truncated proteins that were located within the nucleus or cytoplasm and showed(More)
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