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BACKGROUND Initial step of beta-oxidation is catalyzed by acyl-CoA dehydrogenase in prokaryotes and mitochondria, while acyl-CoA oxidase primarily functions in the peroxisomes of eukaryotes. Oxidase reaction accompanies emission of toxic by-product reactive oxygen molecules including superoxide anion, and superoxide dismutase and catalase activities are(More)
Hypoxia has been considered to affect the properties of tissue stem cells including mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Effects of long periods of exposure to hypoxia on human MSCs, however, have not been clearly demonstrated. MSCs cultured under normoxic conditions (20% pO(2)) ceased to proliferate after 15-25 population doublings, while MSCs cultured under(More)
BACKGROUND For regenerative therapy using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC) technology, cell type of origin to be reprogrammed should be chosen based on accessibility and reprogramming efficiency. Some studies report that iPSCs exhibited a preference for differentiation into their original cell lineages, while others did not. Therefore, the type of cell(More)
Geobacillus thermoleovorans B23 is capable of degrading long-chain alkanes at 70 degrees C. Bt-aldh, an aldehyde dehydrogenase gene in B23, was located in the upstream region of p21 whose expression level was dramatically increased when alkane degradation was started (Kato et al. 2009, BMC Microbiol 9:60). Like p21, transcription level of Bt-aldh was also(More)
Bacteria release a wide variety of small molecules including cell- to- cell signaling compounds. Gram-negative bacteria use a variety of self-produced autoinducers such as acylated homoserine lactones (acyl- HSLs) as signal compounds for quorum sensing (QS) within and between bacterial species. QS plays a significant role in the pathogenesis of infectious(More)
A liquid-liquid partition chromatographic technique was applied to separate amphiphilic glycolipids. A two-phase solvent system composed of n-butanol-t-butyl methyl ether-acetonitrile-water at a volume ratio of 3:1:1:5 was found to be suitable for separating the gangliosides from total lipids extracted from rat brain by liquid-liquid partition(More)
Somatic mutations in the isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH)1/2 genes endow encoding proteins with neomorphic activity to produce the potential oncometabolite, 2-hydroxyglutarate (2-HG), which induces the hypermethylation of histones and DNA. The incidence of IDH1/2 mutations in cartilaginous tumors was previously shown to be the highest among various types of(More)
We previously identified actin filament-associated protein 1-like 1 (AFAP1L1) as a metastasis-predicting marker from the gene-expression profiles of 65 spindle cell sarcomas, and demonstrated the up-regulation of AFAP1L1 expression to be an independent risk factor for distant metastasis in multivariate analyses. Little is known, however, about how the(More)
BACKGROUND Alarmins play important roles in the pathogenesis of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. However, the role of the alarmin protein high-mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) in upper airway inflammation is unclear. OBJECTIVE To determine if HMGB1 is present in the nasal mucosa and, if so, to elucidate its role in upper airway inflammation. METHODS(More)
Synovial sarcoma (SS) is a malignant soft tissue tumor harboring chromosomal translocation t(X; 18)(p11.2; q11.2), which produces SS-specific fusion gene, SYT-SSX. Although precise function of SYT-SSX remains to be investigated, accumulating evidences suggest its role in gene regulation via epigenetic mechanisms, and the product of SYT-SSX target genes may(More)