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It is well known that the liver plays a major role in the clearance of systemic toxemia and is postulated as a regulational organ in the host-defense system. The well-controlled interaction between hepatic parenchymal cells and sinusoidal lining cells including macrophages and Kupffer cells can systematically regulate even critical infections. However, when(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate the technical feasibility, safety and oncological outcomes of laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection in patients with advanced low rectal cancer. METHODS Laparoscopic lateral pelvic lymph node dissection was performed in 18 patients from November 2009 to September 2012. The data regarding the patient demographics, surgical(More)
Surgery involving elderly patients is becoming increasingly common due to the rapid aging of societies all over the world. The objective of this study was to elucidate the prognostic differences between elderly and young patients who undergo liver resection. A systematic review based on the PRISMA flow diagram was conducted. Ovid Medline and PubMed were(More)
PURPOSE A previous meta-analysis study demonstrated that bleeding and the duration of the hospital stay following laparoscopic hepatectomy (Lap) were significantly smaller and shorter, respectively, than for patients undergoing an open approach (Op). The aim of the present study was to re-evaluate perioperative variables and adverse outcomes in patients(More)
Through cloning of functional p53-binding sites (p53-tagged sites) from the human genome, we isolated a novel gene inducible by wild-type p53. Its cDNA sequence contained an open reading frame encoding a 431-amino acid peptide that showed a significant homology with members of the P2X family. This protein also revealed a similarity to RP-2, a gene activated(More)
BACKGROUND In Japan the annual incidence of pancreatic cancer has increased over the last decade, but no advancement has been made in the long-term prognosis after resection. The significant differences in the surgical procedures between Western countries and Japan have been discussed. Therefore, an adequate comparison and analysis of the data from Japan,(More)
Survivin is a member of the inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family containing a single baculovirus IAP repeat domain. It is expressed during fetal development but becomes undetectable in terminally differentiated normal adult tissues. We previously reported that survivin and its splicing variant survivin-2B was expressed abundantly in various types of(More)
Recently, the number of patients with colorectal cancer has been increasing. Although most patients with early colorectal cancer have a good prognosis, in the case of recurrent or metastatic disease, the prognosis is poor and most patients will ultimately die of cancer. Furthermore, the conventional treatment, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy,(More)
Irinotecan is an anti-neoplastic agent that is widely used for treating colorectal and lung cancers, but often causes toxicities such as severe myelosuppression and diarrhea. In this study, we performed a two-stage case-control association study for irinotecan-induced severe myelosuppression (grades 3 and 4). In the first stage, 23 patients who developed(More)
BACKGROUND We previously reported that survivin-2B, a splicing variant of survivin, was expressed in various types of tumors and that survivin-2B peptide might serve as a potent immunogenic cancer vaccine. The objective of this study was to examine the toxicity of and to clinically and immunologically evaluate survivin-2B peptide in a phase I clinical study(More)