Tomohisa智久 Kuzuyama葛山

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The anti-oxidant naphterpin is a natural product containing a polyketide-based aromatic core with an attached 10-carbon geranyl group derived from isoprenoid (terpene) metabolism. Hybrid natural products such as naphterpin that contain 5-carbon (dimethylallyl), 10-carbon (geranyl) or 15-carbon (farnesyl) isoprenoid chains possess biological activities(More)
Furaquinocin is a natural polyketide-isoprenoid hybrid (meroterpenoid) that exhibits antitumor activity and is produced by the Streptomyces sp. strain KO-3988. Bioinformatic analysis of furaquinocin biosynthesis has identified Fur7 as a possible prenyltransferase that attaches a geranyl group to an unidentified polyketide scaffold. Here, we report the(More)
Human Vg2Vd2 T cells are stimulated by prenyl pyrophosphates, such as isopentenyl pyrophosphate (IPP), and play important roles in mediating immunity against microbial pathogens and have potent anti-tumor activity. (E)-4-hydroxy-3-methyl-but-2-enyl pyrophosphate (HMBPP) has been identified as a metabolite in the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4 phosphate (MEP)(More)
Kitasatospora setae NBRC 14216(T) (=KM-6054(T)) is known to produce setamycin (bafilomycin B1) possessing antitrichomonal activity. The genus Kitasatospora is morphologically similar to the genus Streptomyces, although they are distinguishable from each other on the basis of cell wall composition and the 16S rDNA sequence. We have determined the complete(More)
Isoprenoids are a diverse group of molecules found in all organisms, where they perform such important biological functions as hormone signaling (e.g., steroids) in mammals, antioxidation (e.g., carotenoids) in plants, electron transport (e.g., ubiquinone), and cell wall biosynthesis intermediates in bacteria. All isoprenoids are synthesized by the(More)
The characterization of potential gene clusters is a promising strategy for the identification of novel natural products and the expansion of structural diversity. However, there are often difficulties in identifying potential metabolites because their biosynthetic genes are either silenced or expressed only at a low level. Here, we report the(More)
ArgR is known to serve as a repressor/activator of the metabolism of arginine. To elucidate the role of ArgR in the metabolism of Thermus thermophilus cells, comparative genome-wide comprehensive analysis was conducted for wild-type T. thermophilus and its mutant lacking the argR gene. Transcriptome analysis and chromatin affinity precipitation coupled with(More)
Digging up skeletons: We report the identification and the functional characterization of two terpene cyclases (DtcycA and DtcycB) that were mined from the genome of Streptomyces sp. SANK 60404. DtcycA and DtcycB are novel bacterial diterpene cyclases for the synthesis of the cembrane skeleton.
Lysine biosynthesis of Thermus thermophilus proceeds in a similar way to arginine biosynthesis, and some lysine biosynthetic enzymes from T. thermophilus so far investigated have the potential to function in arginine biosynthesis. These observations suggest that arginine might regulate the expression of genes for lysine biosynthesis. To test this(More)
Regulation of amino acid metabolism (RAM) domains are widely distributed among prokaryotes. In most cases, a RAM domain fuses with a DNA-binding domain to act as a transcriptional regulator. The extremely thermophilic bacterium, Thermus thermophilus, only carries a single gene encoding a RAM domain-containing protein on its genome. This protein is a(More)