Tomohiro Yorimitsu

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Eukaryotic cells have evolved strategies to respond to stress conditions. For example, autophagy in yeast is primarily a response to the stress of nutrient limitation. Autophagy is a catabolic process for the degradation and recycling of cytosolic, long lived, or aggregated proteins and excess or defective organelles. In this study, we demonstrate a new(More)
Autophagy is a highly conserved process in eukaryotes in which the cytoplasm, including excess or aberrant organelles, is sequestered into double-membrane vesicles and delivered to the degradative organelle, the lysosome/vacuole, for breakdown and eventual recycling of the resulting macromolecules. This process has an important role in various biological(More)
Autophagy is a catabolic process used by eukaryotic cells for the degradation and recycling of cytosolic proteins and excess or defective organelles. In yeast, autophagy is primarily a response to nutrient limitation, whereas in higher eukaryotes it also plays a role in developmental processes. Due to its essentially unlimited degradative capacity, it is(More)
Proteins are selectively packaged into vesicles at specific sites and then delivered correctly to the various organelles where they function, which is critical to the proper physiology of each organelle. The precursor form of the vacuolar hydrolase aminopeptidase I is a selective cargo molecule of the cytoplasm to vacuole targeting (Cvt) pathway and(More)
COPII-coated buds are formed at endoplasmic reticulum exit sites (ERES) to mediate ER-to-Golgi transport. Sec16 is an essential factor in ERES formation, as well as in COPII-mediated traffic in vivo. Sec16 interacts with multiple COPII proteins, although the functional significance of these interactions remains unknown. Here we present evidence that(More)
Autophagy is a highly conserved, degradative process in eukaryotic cells. The rapamycin-sensitive Tor kinase complex 1 (TORC1) has a major role in regulating induction of autophagy; however, the regulatory mechanisms are not fully understood. Here, we find that the protein kinase A (PKA) and Sch9 signaling pathways regulate autophagy cooperatively in yeast.(More)
Autophagy is a conserved degradative pathway that is induced in response to various stress and developmental conditions in eukaryotic cells. It allows the elimination of cytosolic proteins and organelles in the lysosome/vacuole. In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the integral membrane protein Atg9 (autophagy-related protein 9) cycles between(More)
Bacterial flagellar motors are molecular machines powered by the electrochemical potential gradient of specific ions across the membrane. Bacteria move using rotating helical flagellar filaments. The flagellar motor is located at the base of the filament and is buried in the cytoplasmic membrane. Flagellar motors are classified into two types according to(More)
Autophagy is connected to a surprising range of cellular processes, including the stress response, developmental remodeling, organelle homeostasis and disease pathophysiology. The inducible, predominant form of autophagy, macroautophagy, involves dynamic membrane rearrangements, culminating in the formation of a double-membrane cytosolic vesicle, an(More)
Autophagy is a response to the stress of nutrient limitation in yeast, whereby cytosolic long-lived proteins and organelles are nonselectively degraded, and the resulting macromolecules are recycled to allow new protein synthesis that is essential for survival. We recently revealed that endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress induces autophagy. When misfolded(More)