Tomohiro Shirasaka

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Alcohol is a well-established teratogen that can cause variable physical and behavioral effects on the fetus. The most severe condition in this spectrum of diseases is known as fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). The differences in maternal and fetal enzymes, in terms of abundance and efficiency, in addition to reduced elimination, allow for alcohol to have a(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) belongs to the neurotrophin family, and enhances the growth and maintenance of several neuronal systems. In addition, BDNF may promote neurogenesis and protect against hippocampal volume loss in depressive disorders. Although first detected in brain, BDNF also exists in peripheral tissues and is mainly stored in(More)
BACKGROUND Supportive features in the diagnostic criteria for dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) include occipital hypoperfusion and decreased cardiac uptake of (123)I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG). In this study, we performed both brain perfusion single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and MIBG myocardial scintigraphy in the same subjects and(More)
BACKGROUND Every psychiatrist must pay careful attention to avoid violating human rights when initiating coercive treatments such as seclusion and restraint. However, these interventions are indispensable in clinical psychiatry, and they are often used as strategies to treat agitated patients. In this study, we investigated young psychiatrists' attitudes(More)
Recent biological studies suggest the existence of the common pathophysiological aspects in alcoholism and depression. Postmortem studies have revealed the impairment of cAMP signaling in the patients with alcoholism. The similar alteration of cAMP signaling was also reported in postmortem brains of depressed patients. In this study, we supported the notion(More)
Stem cell therapy is well proposed as a potential method for the improvement of neurodegenerative damage in the brain. Among several different procedures to reach the cells into the injured lesion, the intravenous (IV) injection has benefit as a minimally invasive approach. However, for the brain disease, prompt development of the effective treatment way of(More)
BACKGROUND Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP), a subspecialty of psychiatry in Japan, is facing a serious workforce shortage. To resolve this situation, the Japanese government has organized a task force and has been working to increase psychiatrists' clinical skills to improve care for children and adolescents with mental health problems. Using an(More)
To better understand the relationship of repeated exposure to adversity during early development as a risk factor for refractory depression, we exposed pregnant female rats to ethanol and the resulting pups to corticosterone during adolescence. A stressful forced swim test was then used to induce depression-like behavior. The adolescent rat brains were(More)
OBJECTIVES It has been elucidated that psychiatric disorders are associated with impairment of the brain neural network. Reduction in brain size and hypoplasia of the basal ganglia and corpus callosum have been reported in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). It is believed that the formation of the neural network is influenced by alcohol exposure during(More)
Recent clinical neuroimaging studies have suggested the morphological brain changes occur and progress in the course of alcoholism and depression. The abnormality of neurogenesis has emerged as a potential epidemiological mechanism of these diseases. Previously, we have indicated the low dose of ethanol that could not influence on the survival of neurons(More)