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BACKGROUND Short sleeping hours could cause obesity through increased sympathetic activity, elevated cortisol secretion and decreased glucose tolerance. The aim of this study was to clarify parental and lifestyle factors, particularly sleeping habits, associated with obesity in Japanese children. METHODS Between June and July 1996, 8274 children (4194(More)
Residential power-frequency magnetic fields (MFs) were labeled as a possible human carcinogen by the International Agency for Research on Cancer panel. In response to great public concern, the World Health Organization urged that further epidemiologic studies be conducted in high-exposure areas such as Japan. We conducted a population-based case-control(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate how the increase in survival rate in extremely low birth weight (a birth weight of 1,000 g or less) infants had affected the incidence of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) and the frequency of laser treatment. METHODS We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 122 surviving premature infants with birthweights less than(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate whether dexamethasone (DEXA) yields a better outcome than prednisolone (PRED) in a prospective, randomized, controlled trial for the treatment of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). PATIENTS AND METHODS Two hundred thirty-one standard-risk (SR) patients and 128 intermediate-risk (IR) non-B-cell ALL patients were registered(More)
The aim of this study was to clarify the impact of parental obesity and lifestyle factors on obesity in preschool children. The subjects consisted of 8941 children aged 3 years, born in 1989. Anthropometric measurements and questionnaire surveys were conducted between 1992 and 1994. Subjects of body mass index (BMI; (weight (kg))/(height (m))2) more than(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment response has become one of the most important prognostic factors in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia. We evaluated the significance of the complete clearance of peripheral leukemic blasts on survival in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DESIGN AND METHODS Seven hundred and fifty-four children diagnosed with acute(More)
BACKGROUND Existing studies have demonstrated the clinical significance of triglyceride content in VLDL (VLDL-TG) and intermediate-density lipoprotein (IDL-TG). We developed a homogeneous assay protocol to directly measure VLDL-TG. METHODS Possible reagents and conditions for measuring VLDL-TG were comprehensively tested, and the "best" combination was(More)
BACKGROUND The strength of the association between brain tumors in children and residential power-frequency magnetic fields (MF) has varied in previous studies, which may be due in part to possible misclassification of MF exposure. This study aimed to examine this association in Japan by improving measurement techniques, and by extending measurement to a(More)
In clinically hyperthermia and irradiation therapy for malignant neoplasms are known that they have antiproliferative activity and cell death (including apoptosis) inducing activity. However not only mechanisms of cell death induction but treatment effects of them still have been unclear. In this time we showed that cell cycles from G0/G1 phase to S-G2/M(More)