Tomohiro Nishikawa

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Organotin compounds released from antifouling paints, such as tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT), are potent inducers of imposex (a superimposition of male genital tracts, such as penis and vas deferens, on females) in marine gastropods. Little is known about the induction mechanism of gastropod imposex. Here, we show that organotins bind the human(More)
Pseudomonas aureofaciens grown on octanoate or gluconate synthesized medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoates (mcl-PHAs). To clone the PHA synthase gene(s) (phaC), the genomic library of P. aureofaciens was constructed using a cosmid vector. The recombinant cosmids that clone phaC were detected by the complementation with a PHA-negative mutant, P. putida(More)
To clarify how tributyltin (TBT) and triphenyltin (TPT) interact with the retinoid X receptor (RXR) to induce growth of male sex organs in female gastropods, we treated female rock shells (Thais clavigera) with three different concentrations (0.1, 1, or 5 μg/g wet wt) of 9-cis-retinoic acid (9CRA) or with a single concentration (1 μg/g wet wt) of TBT, TPT,(More)
To elucidate the role of retinoid X receptor (RXR) in the development of imposex caused by organotin compounds in gastropod molluscs, we investigated RXR gene expression and RXR protein content in various tissues of male and female wild rock shells (Thais clavigera). Quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, Western blotting, and(More)
To examine the role of the retinoid X receptor (RXR) in the development of imposex in gastropods, we investigated the time course of expression of the RXR gene in various tissues (ctenidium, ovary or testis, digestive gland, penis-forming area or penis, and head ganglia) of female and male rock shells (Thais clavigera) exposed to triphenyltin (TPT) in a(More)
In this study, we intend to show the basis of a general legged locomotion controller with the ability to integrate both posture and rhythmic motion controls and shift continuously from one control method to the other according to the walking speed. The rhythmic motion of each leg in the sagittal plane is generated by a single leg controller which controls(More)
Electron diffusion coefficient, lifetime, and density in the TiO(2) electrode of dye-sensitized TiO(2) solar cells (DSCs) employing I(-)/I(3)(-) redox couples were measured with eight different metal-free organic dyes and three Ru complex dyes. At matched electron density, all DSCs using organic dyes (ODSCs) showed shorter electron lifetime with comparable(More)
In this paper, different from other researches, we developed an admittance control model with EMG signal to control our developed power assistance device for human elbow motion support. A two degree of freedom power assistance device is developed, and a simple but effective EMG signal processing method is proposed. Further, an admittance control model using(More)
The estrogenicities of 10 compounds found as impurities in industrial grade bisphenol A (BPA) were measured by yeasttwo-hybrid assays incorporating the human estrogen receptor alpha(hERalpha) orthe medaka fish (Oryziaslatipes) estrogen receptor alpha (medERalpha). Five impurities showed greater activity than BPA itself in an agonist assay for hERalpha.(More)
Up to now, many robotic aids for the elderly's walking support or the disabled's walking rehabilitation are reported, and numerous electrical-powered wheelchairs are developed. In this paper, a new kind of omnidirectional wheelchair typed robot is developed. The robot not only can accomplish the walking support or walking rehabilitation as the elderly or(More)