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BACKGROUND Little is known as to whether or not the seven personality dimensions of Cloninger's theory, particularly the three character dimensions newly included in the theory, are independent of the states of depression. METHODS One hundred and eight patients with major depression filled out the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) before and after(More)
BACKGROUND Although many case-control studies have replicated an association between dysfunctional parenting and a lifetime diagnosis of depression, few epidemiological studies have explored the association. In addition, little is known about the association in non-western countries. METHODS Using logistic regression analyses, additive and interactive(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanism of modulation of soleus H-reflexes during sustained passive rotation of the hip joint. METHODS Healthy men participated as subjects in this study. In the supine position, soleus maximum H-reflexes were recorded during rotation of the hip joint. To examine the roles of muscle spindles, we(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether unilateral voluntary movement affects voluntary drive of motor imagery for the contralateral limb. METHODS The subjects were asked to maintain the left index-finger movements with different directions (abduction and adduction, 5% of maximum voluntary contraction; MVC) and with different force levels (10% and 25% MVC).(More)
Cloninger has proposed a seven-factor psychobiological model of personality and has developed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) to measure four temperament dimensions and three character dimensions. This theory of personality may be of great importance in developing an integrated understanding of psychosocial and biological processes underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Cloninger's theory of personality, including 4 temperament dimensions and 3 character dimensions, is one of the most noteworthy theories in recent years. Several studies have explored temperament dimensions as a predictor of response to antidepressant treatments in major depression, but these have provided inconsistent results. The present study(More)
BACKGROUND There is controversy surrounding the factor structure of the Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI), a widely used instrument for assessing perceived parental rearing behaviours. Recent studies have proposed five different factor structures, including Parker et al.'s original two-factor model. METHODS Four hundred and eighteen employed Japanese(More)
OBJECTIVE To make a direct comparison of patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and major depression (MD) and a normal control group in terms of the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) personality dimensions. METHOD Additionally to 43 patients with primary OCD, 43 MD patients and 43 normal subjects who were matched against the OCD(More)
The present study aimed to further investigate whether the intracortical neural circuits within the primary motor cortex (M1) are modulated during ipsilateral voluntary finger movements. Single- and paired-pulse (interstimulus intervals, ISIs; 3 ms and 12 ms) transcranial magnetic stimulations of the left M1 were applied to elicit motor evoked potential(More)
This study explores whether personality is mediating the effects of adverse parenting on having had a lifetime history of major depressive disorder and whether personality dimensions, related to the development of lifetime depression, are disposed by adverse parenting in cross-sectional data derived from an epidemiological sample of volunteer workers. Of(More)