Tomohiro Nabekura

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We used the whole-genome approach to identify major functional categories of genes whose expression depends on gestational age. Using microarray analysis, we compared gene expression profiles in the villous tissues of first (45-59 days) and second trimester (109-115 days) placentae with C-section term placentae. We found that in first trimester placentae,(More)
For the development of a safe and effective dual inhibitor of anticancer drug efflux transporters P-glycoprotein and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) to conquer multidrug resistance, we investigated the effects of dietary phytochemicals on the functions of P-glycoprotein and MRP1. The effects of dietary phytochemicals on the functions of P-glycoprotein(More)
We studied the effects of flavonoids, naringenin (flavanone), baicalein (flavone), kaempferol, quercetin, myricetin, morin, and fisetin (flavonols) as well as two glycosides of quercetin on P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function in multidrug-resistant P-gp overexpressing KB-C2 cells. Flavonoids such as kaempferol and quercetin increased the accumulation of(More)
Lithium, used for the treatment of bipolar disorders, is reabsorbed via sodium-transport system in the proximal tubule. This step causes intra-/inter-individual difference of lithium disposition, and it has not been unclear which transporter contributes. In this study, we examined effect of foscarnet and parathyroid hormone (PTH), inactivators for(More)
Drug efflux transporter P-glycoprotein plays an important role in cancer chemotherapy. The nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) transcription factors play critical roles in development and progression of cancer. In this study, the effects of natural compounds that can inhibit NF-κB activation on the function of P-glycoprotein were investigated using human MDR1(More)
We studied the effects of tea catechins, (-)-epicatechin (EC), (-)-epigallocatechin (EGC), (-)-epicatechin gallate (ECG), and (-)-epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function in multidrug-resistant P-gp over-expressing KB-C2 cells. EC did not have any effects on cellular accumulation of P-gp substrates, rhodamine-123 and(More)
The effects of dietary chemopreventive citrus phytochemicals on the drug efflux transporters P-glycoprotein (ABCB1) and multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1, ABCC1) were investigated using P-glycoprotein-overexpressing human carcinoma KB-C2 cells and human MRP1 gene-transfected KB/MRP cells. The effects of natural chemopreventive citrus phytochemicals, such(More)
We studied the effects of tannic acid and 1(beta),2,3,4,6-penta-O-galloyl-D-glucose (pentagalloylglucose), one of the components of tannic acid, on the P-glycoprotein (P-gp) function in multidrug-resistant P-gp over-expressing KB-C2 cells. Both tannic acid and pentagalloylglucose markedly elevated the accumulation of P-gp substrates, rhodamine 123 and(More)
PURPOSE The role of nitric oxide in the development of selenite-induced cataracts in rats was examined using nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors. METHODS Subcutaneous injection of sodium selenite was used to induce cataracts in rats, with or without pretreatment with NOS inhibitors. The anterior eye segment analysis system (EAS-1000, Nidek) was used to(More)
The UPL rat is a newly developed hereditary cataract model. We previously found that Ca2+ concentrations in UPL rat lenses increase with the development of cataract, and that the administration of disulfiram and aminoguanidine ameliorates the increase in Ca2+ and the development of cataract in UPL rats. In this study, we determined the expression and(More)