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Mitosis is a fundamental process of eukaryotic cell proliferation. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying mitosis remain poorly understood in plants partly because of the lack of an appropriate model cell system in which loss-of-function analyses can be easily combined with high-resolution microscopy. Here, we developed an inducible RNA interference(More)
Highly conserved EB1 family proteins bind to the growing ends of microtubules, recruit multiple cargo proteins, and are critical for making dynamic microtubules in vivo. However, it is unclear how these master regulators of microtubule plus ends promote microtubule dynamics. In this paper, we identify a novel EB1 cargo protein, Sentin. Sentin depletion in(More)
1. In the present study we investigated the difference in the distribution of selected cardiovascular disease risk factors among three middle-aged Tanzanian populations with different lifestyles. 2. The prevalence of hypertension and overweight was higher in urban areas than in rural areas. Plasma leptin concentration was also highest in urban areas. Based(More)
Although few epidemiological studies have demonstrated that C-reactive protein (CRP) is related to insulin resistance, no study to date has examined the molecular mechanism. Here, we show that recombinant CRP attenuates insulin signaling through the regulation of spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) on small G-protein RhoA, jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) MAPK, insulin(More)
1. Recent studies have identified potential beneficial effects of eating nuts, most of which have substantial amounts of monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA). Macadamia nuts consist of 75% fat by weight, 80% of which is MUFA (palmitoleic acid). 2. To examine variations in serum lipid levels in response to a high-MUFA diet based on macadamia nuts, 3 week(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between dietary factors and cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors in middle-aged men and women, in urban, rural and pastoral settings in Tanzania. DESIGN Cross-sectional epidemiological study designed according to the protocol of the World Health Organisation (WHO) Cardiovascular Diseases and Alimentary Comparison(More)
Kinesins are microtubule (MT)-based motor proteins that have been identified in every eukaryotic species. Intriguingly, land plants have more than 60 kinesins in their genomes, many more than that in yeasts or animals. However, many of these have not yet been characterized, and their cellular functions are unknown. Here, by using endogenous tagging, we(More)
1. The aim of the present study was to investigate the trend of the prevalence of obesity in China and its association with hypertension and hypercholesterolemia. 2. A multicentre cross-sectional study was conducted in Chinese men and women aged 48-56 years between 1985 and 2000. In the report, three study periods were classified as survey 1 (1985), survey(More)
Obesity is a condition in which excess body fat accumulates due to lipids producing adipocytes and an increased number of differentiated mature cells. Recently, new findings have shown that macrophages infiltrate into adipose tissues and produce various pro-inflammatory cytokines in obese subjects. The inflammatory changes induced by the cross-talk between(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells have many functional activities, including cytotoxicity and the capacity to produce cytokines and chemokines. NK cell activity is regulated partly by eicosanoids, which are produced from arachidonic acid (ARA) and eicosapentaenoic (EPA) acid. In this study, we investigated the effects of long-term therapy with ARA or(More)