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Cullin proteins assemble a large number of RING E3 ubiquitin ligases and regulate various physiological processes. Covalent modification of cullins by the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8 activates cullin ligases through an as yet undefined mechanism. We show here that p120(CAND1) selectively binds to unneddylated CUL1 and is dissociated by CUL1 neddylation.(More)
The spindle checkpoint delays chromosome segregation in response to misaligned sister chromatids during mitosis, thus ensuring the fidelity of chromosome inheritance. Through binding to Cdc20, the Mad2 spindle checkpoint protein inhibits the target of this checkpoint, the ubiquitin protein ligase APC/C(Cdc20). We now show that without cofactor binding or(More)
MAD2 is a key component of the spindle checkpoint that delays the onset of anaphase until all the kinetochores are attached to the spindle. It binds to human p55CDC and prevents it from promoting destruction of an anaphase inhibitor, securin. Here we report the characterization of a novel MAD2-binding protein, CMT2. Upon the completion of spindle(More)
Mutations in the human Tsc1 and Tsc2 genes predispose to tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a disorder characterized by the wide spread of benign tumors. Tsc1 and Tsc2 proteins form a complex and serve as a GTPase-activating protein (GAP) for Rheb, a GTPase regulating a downstream kinase, mTOR. The genome of Schizosaccharomyces pombe contains tsc1(+) and(More)
The spindle checkpoint ensures accurate chromosome segregation by delaying anaphase in response to misaligned sister chromatids during mitosis. Upon checkpoint activation, Mad2 binds directly to Cdc20 and inhibits the anaphase-promoting complex or cyclosome (APC/C). Cdc20 binding triggers a dramatic conformational change of Mad2. Consistent with an earlier(More)
Taxol is widely used for the treatment of human cancer. Its mechanism of action in cells is dependent on drug concentration. At low concentrations of Taxol (5-10 nM), cells exhibit aberrant mitosis, including aneuploidy, in the absence of mitotic arrest. At higher concentrations of Taxol (>20 nM), the cell cycle is blocked at metaphase by spindle checkpoint(More)
BACKGROUND Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) is likely overexpressed and/or amplified in locally advanced gastric cancer with extensive (bulky N2 or paraaortic) lymph node metastasis, and patients may benefit from treatment with anti-HER2 antibodies. This study evaluated the frequency of HER2 overexpression and amplification in The Japanese(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the technical feasibility and safety considerations of balloon-occluded transarterial chemoembolization (B-TACE) using a newly developed 1.8-French (Fr) tip microballoon catheter for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). MATERIAL AND METHODS Between February 2013 and May 2013, 31 patients (20 males, 11 females; age range 56-85 years)(More)
Heterozygous inactivation of either human TSC1 or TSC2 causes tuberous sclerosis (TSC), in which development of benign tumors, hamartomas, occurs via a two-hit mechanism. In this study, fission yeast genes homologous to TSC1 and TSC2 were identified, and their protein products were shown to physically interact like the human gene products. Strains lacking(More)