Tomohiro Matsumoto

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Heterozygous inactivation of either human TSC1 or TSC2 causes tuberous sclerosis (TSC), in which development of benign tumors, hamartomas, occurs via a two-hit mechanism. In this study, fission yeast genes homologous to TSC1 and TSC2 were identified, and their protein products were shown to physically interact like the human gene products. Strains lacking(More)
PURPOSE To examine the characteristics of lung tumors for which radiofrequency (RF) ablation therapy is effective, and to determine what RF ablation parameters are effective for obtaining complete coagulation of the entire ablation zone with a single RF ablation session. MATERIALS AND METHODS Computed tomography (CT)-guided RF ablation of lung tumors was(More)
Biopolymers consist of three major classes, i.e., polynucleotides (DNA, RNA), polypeptides (proteins) and polysaccharides (sugar chains). It is widely accepted that polynucleotides and polypeptides play fundamental roles in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. But, sugar chains have been poorly studied in this process, and their(More)
Injuries in the mammalian central nervous system induce a variety of factors which promote or inhibit neuronal axon regeneration/sprouting. However, the inhibitory activities are much stronger, and indeed are the major obstacle to functional recovery. Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPGs) are produced by activated glial cells, and are among the(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a motor neuron-specific neurodegenerative disease. An increasing body of evidence suggests that, in addition to cell autonomous regulation, i.e., pathological changes in motor neurons, non-cell autonomous mechanisms involving glial cells play critical roles in the pathogenesis of ALS. CD44 functions as a receptor for(More)
Although RAD52 plays a critical role in the initiation of homologous recombination (HR) by facilitating the replacement of RPA with RAD51, the mechanism controlling RAD52 remains elusive. Here, we show that Bag101, a factor implicated in proteasome functioning, regulates RAD52 protein levels and subsequent HR. LC-MS/MS analysis identified Bag101 which binds(More)
Modification of the N-terminal tail of histones is required for various nuclear processes. Here, we show that fission yeast Clr6-HDAC (histone deacetylase) regulates the checkpoint kinase Cds1 when DNA replication encounters a stressful condition. We found that the global level of acetylation of histone H4 was constant throughout the normal cell cycle, but(More)
Spinal epidural hematoma (SEH) is an uncommon disorder, and chronic SEHs are rarer than acute SEHs. However, there is few reported involving the bone change of the vertebral body in chronic SEHs. We present a case report of lumbar epidural hematoma that required differentiation from extramedullary spinal tumors by a long process because the CT scan revealed(More)
INTRODUCTION Osteochondral grafts have become popular for treating small, isolated and full-thickness cartilage lesions. It is recommended that a slightly oversized, rather than an exact-sized, osteochondral plug is transplanted to achieve a tight fit. Consequently, impacting forces are required to insert the osteochondral plug into the recipient site.(More)
OBJECTIVE To report a series of four cases of intradural disc herniation (IDH) with a review of the literature. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA IDH is a rare type of disc herniation. Preoperative diagnosis is difficult and IDH is only confirmed during surgery in most cases. Here, we describe four cases of IDH, including three with lumbar hernia and one with(More)