Tomohiro Kurokawa

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Age-related changes in oxidative stress in the cerebral cortex of SAMP8, a substrain of senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM), were investigated in comparison with those in SAMR1, which were used as a control. The lipid peroxide and protein carbonyl contents were transiently increased in SAMP8 from 4- to 8-weeks of age. The increases in lipid peroxide were(More)
The effect of benzodiazepines on adenylate cyclase system was examined in rat brain. Micromolar concentrations of diazepam inhibited the enzyme activity in synaptic membranes in dose- and time-dependent manners. The inhibitory effect of diazepam was more evident on the enzyme activity in the presence of guanylyl-5'-imidodiphosphate (GppNHp) or NaF-AlCl3(More)
The effect of pentobarbital on the adenylate cyclase system was examined in synaptosomal membranes from rat brain. Pentobarbital inhibited forskolin-stimulated enzyme activity more effectively than the basal and Mn2(+)-stimulated enzyme activities. The degree of inhibition of the enzyme activity by pentobarbital was increased by the presence of forskolin in(More)
BACKGROUND Impaired drug transport is an important factor that reduces the efficacy of anticancer agents against pancreatic cancer. Here, we report a novel combination chemotherapy using gemcitabine (GEM) and internalised-RGD (iRGD) peptide, which enhances tumour-specific drug penetration by binding neuropilin-1 (NRP1) receptor. METHODS A total of five(More)
Currently, sorafenib is the only available chemotherapeutic agent for advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but it cannot be used in patients with liver cirrhosis (LC) or thrombocytopenia. In these cases, sorafenib is likely effective if given in combination with treatments that increase the number of platelets, such as thrombopoietin (TPO) receptor(More)
Hepatocyte-specific Phosphatase and tensin homolog (Pten)-knockout (KO) mice exhibit hepatic lesions analogous to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). 1,8-cineole is a monoterpene oxide and it has several biological effects including hepatoprotective effects. In this study we revealed that 1,8-cineole ameliorates NASH of Pten KO mice. Pten KO mice were(More)
AIM To investigate the anticancer mechanisms of the monoterpenoid alcohol linalool in human colon cancer cells. METHODS The cytotoxic effect of linalool on the human colon cancer cell lines and a human fibroblast cell line was examined using the WST-8 assay. The apoptosis-inducing effect of linalool was measured using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl(More)
The effect of barbiturate on adenylate cyclase system was examined in rat brain. Pentobarbital inhibited the enzyme activities in both synaptic membrane and solubilized catalytic unit of the system in dose and time-dependent manners. The inhibitory effect of pentobarbital was more potent on the activation of the system by NaF-AlCl3 than on the basal(More)
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