Tomohiro Kinoshita

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The stomatal pores of higher plants allow for gaseous exchange into and out of leaves. Situated in the epidermis, they are surrounded by a pair of guard cells which control their opening in response to many environmental stimuli, including blue light. Opening of the pores is mediated by K(+) accumulation in guard cells through a K(+) channel and driven by(More)
The opening of stomata, which is driven by the accumulation of K(+) salt in guard cells, is induced by blue light (BL). The BL activates the H(+) pump; however, the mechanism by which the perception of BL is transduced into the pump activation remains unknown. We present evidence that the pump is the plasma membrane H(+)-ATPase and that BL activates the(More)
PURPOSE We have recently reported EBV+ B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders (LPD) occurring predominantly in elderly patients, which shared features of EBV+ B-cell neoplasms arising in the immunologically deteriorated patients despite no predisposing immunodeficiency and were named as senile or age-related EBV+ B-cell LPDs. To further characterize this(More)
All plants flower late in their life cycle. For example, in Arabidopsis, the shoot undergoes a transition and produces reproductive flowers after the adult phase of vegetative growth. Much is known about genetic and environmental processes that control flowering time in mature plants. However, little is understood about the mechanisms that prevent plants(More)
In flowering plants, two cells are fertilized in the haploid female gametophyte. Egg and sperm nuclei fuse to form the embryo. A second sperm nucleus fuses with the central cell nucleus, which replicates to generate the endosperm, a tissue that supports embryo development. The FERTILIZATION-INDEPENDENT ENDOSPERM (FIE) and MEDEA (MEA) genes encode WD and SET(More)
In flowering plants, two cells are fertilized in the haploid female gametophyte. Egg and sperm nuclei fuse to form the embryo. A second sperm nucleus fuses with the central cell nucleus that replicates to generate the endosperm, which is a tissue that supports embryo development. MEDEA (MEA) encodes an Arabidopsis SET domain Polycomb protein. Inheritance of(More)
Vacuolar processing enzyme (VPE) has been shown to be responsible for maturation of various seed proteins in protein-storage vacuoles. Arabidopsis has three VPE homologues; betaVPE is specific to seeds and alphaVPE and gammaVPE are specific to vegetative organs. To investigate the activity of the vegetative VPE, we expressed the gammaVPE in a pep4 strain of(More)
The results of 1281 potentially curative resections for advanced gastric cancer performed at the National Cancer Center Hospital between 1972 and 1986 were studied using a novel approach which circumvents the stage migration phenomenon. The incidence of metastasis and the 5-year survival rate of patients with positive nodes were calculated independently for(More)
We explored and refined the hypothesis that during a first episode of acute schizophrenia a disorganization of brain functioning is present. A novel EEG measure was introduced, Global Field Synchronization (GFS), that estimates functional connectivity of brain processes in different EEG frequency bands. The measure was applied to EEG's from 11(More)
Intravascular large B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL) is a rare disease entity of non-Hodgkin lymphoma according to the current WHO classification. This rare form of B-cell lymphoma is characterised by selective growth of tumour cells in the lumina of small vessels of various organs. Strange characteristics of IVLBCL, including the absence of marked lymphoadenopathy(More)