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OBJECT Because activation of Notch receptors has been suggested to be critical for Ras-mediated transformation, and because many gliomas exhibit deregulated Ras signaling, the authors measured Notch levels and activation in primary samples and cell lines derived from glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) as well as the contribution of Notch pathway activation to(More)
Despite multimodal treatment options, the response and survival rates for patients with malignant gliomas remain dismal. Clinical trials with convection-enhanced delivery (CED) have recently opened a new window in neuro-oncology to the direct delivery of chemotherapeutics to the CNS, circumventing the blood-brain barrier and reducing systemic side effects.(More)
Microbial communities often produce copious films of extracellular polymeric secretions (EPS) that may interact with sediments to influence spectral reflectance signatures of shallow marine sediments. We examined EPS associated with microbial mats to determine their potential effects on sediment reflectance properties. Distinct changes in spectral(More)
The time courses of changes in cardiovascular and autonomic nervous functions during acclimatization to hypoxia were studied in conscious Sprague-Dawley rats. The animals were kept under a 12:12-h light-dark cycle and exposed to hypoxia (1 atm, 10% O2). Implanted telemetry transmitters were used to record blood pressure (BP). Changes in heart rate (HR) and(More)
BACKGROUND Protein tyrosine kinases are important regulators of cellular homeostasis with tightly controlled catalytic activity. Mutations in kinase-encoding genes can relieve the autoinhibitory constraints on kinase activity, can promote malignant transformation, and appear to be a major determinant of response to kinase inhibitor therapy. Missense(More)
Pilocytic astrocytoma sometimes transforms to a malignant type, and previous radiation therapy is considered to be a key factor. We report a case of pilocytic astrocytoma with histological malignant features without previous radiation therapy. A 21-year-old man presented a sudden onset of severe headache. Neuroimaging had detected a cystic mass in the(More)
Although the effect of taurine on the heart and liver is well studied, there has been no direct observation concerning the effect of taurine on spatial learning and memory at the behavior level. In this study, we tested the effect of subacute taurine supplementation with evaluation by the Morris water maze method. Although swim distance to find the platform(More)
We have previously shown that convection-enhanced delivery (CED) of highly stable nanoparticle/liposome agents encapsulating chemotherapeutic drugs is effective against intracranial rodent brain tumor xenografts. In this study, we have evaluated the combination of a newly developed nanoparticle/liposome containing the topoisomerase I inhibitor CPT-11(More)
OBJECT The difference in the hemodynamics of wall shear stress (WSS) and oscillatory shear index (OSI) between ruptured and unruptured aneurysms is not well understood. The authors investigated the hemodynamic similarities and dissimilarities in ruptured and thin-walled unruptured aneurysm blebs. METHODS Magnetic resonance imaging-based fluid dynamics(More)
The aim of this study was to determine if molecular alterations are associated with tumor location and radiological characteristics in anaplastic gliomas. We performed a retrospective analysis of 122 anaplastic gliomas for molecular alterations (IDH1/2 mutations, TP53 mutations, and 1p19q co-deletion) to compare MRI features (location and image(More)