Tomohiro Hiraishi

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A new strategy for bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production by recombinant Ralstonia eutropha PHB(-)4 harboring mutated PHA synthase genes (phaC(Ac)) from Aeromona caviae was investigated. The strain harboring wild-type phaC(Ac) gene produced a PHA copolymer consisting of (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate and (R)-3-hydroxyhexanoate [P(3HB-co-3HHx)] with 3.5(More)
Poly(aspartic acid) (PAA) hydrolase was purified from Sphingomonas sp. KT-1 (JCM10459). The purified hydrolase degraded thermally synthesized PAA to oligomers. The molecular mass of PAA hydrolase was 30 kDa and the isoelectric point was 8.9. The optimum values of pH and temperature for PAA degradation were 10.0 and 40 degrees C, respectively. The(More)
Type I polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases, as represented by Ralstonia eutropha enzyme (PhaC(Re)), have narrow substrate specificity toward (R)-3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A with acyl chain length of C3-C5 to yield PHA polyesters. In this study, saturation point mutagenesis of a highly conserved alanine at position 510 (A510) in PhaC(Re) was carried out to(More)
In vitro evolution was applied to obtain highly active mutants of Ralstonia eutropha polyester synthase (PhbC(Re)), which is a key enzyme catalyzing the formation of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from (R)-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA (3HB-CoA). To search for beneficial mutations for activity improvement of this enzyme, we have conducted multi-step mutations, including(More)
The mechanism of enzymatic hydrolysis for (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) oligomers with poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] [P(3HB)] depolymerase (PhaZpst) from Pseudomonas stutzeri was investigated by two deletion mutants lacking the substrate-binding domain and linker region, PhaZpst delta sbd and PhaZpstcore. The two deletion mutants had no ability for hydrolysis(More)
Sphingomonas sp. KT-1 hydrolyzes poly(aspartic acid) (PAA) containing alpha- and beta-amide units and has at least two different types of PAA hydrolases. The PAA hydrolase-1 hydrolyzes selectively beta-beta amide units in PAA. Molecular cloning of PAA hydrolase-1 from Sphingomonas sp. KT-1 has been carried out to characterize its gene products. Genetic(More)
The F420S substitution enhances the specific activity of Ralstonia eutropha PHA synthase (PhaCRe). We have now carried out site-directed saturation mutagenesis of F420 of PhaCRe and, amongst the F420 mutants, the F420S mutant gave the highest poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) content. In vitro activity assay showed that the F420S enzyme had a significant(More)
Modification of the type I polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase of Ralstonia eutropha (PhaC(Re)) was performed through systematic in vitro evolution in order to obtain improved PhaC(Re) having an enhanced activity of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) synthesis in recombinant Escherichia coli. For the first time, a beneficial G4D N-terminal mutation important for the(More)
Extracelluar Poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] (PHB) depolymerase (PhaZ(RpiT1)) from Ralstonia pickettii T1 adsorbs to PHB surface via its substrate-binding domain (SBD) to enhance PHB degradation. Our previous study combining PCR random mutagenesis with the determination of PHB degradation levels of mutant enzymes suggested that Ser, Tyr, Val, Ala, and Leu(More)
Time-dependent adsorption behavior of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) depolymerase from Ralstonia pickettiiT1 on a polyester surface was studied by complementary techniques of quarts crystal microbalance (QCM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Amorphous poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) thin films were used as adsorption substrates. Effects of enzyme concentration on(More)