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Extracelluar Poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] (PHB) depolymerase (PhaZ(RpiT1)) from Ralstonia pickettii T1 adsorbs to PHB surface via its substrate-binding domain (SBD) to enhance PHB degradation. Our previous study combining PCR random mutagenesis with the determination of PHB degradation levels of mutant enzymes suggested that Ser, Tyr, Val, Ala, and Leu(More)
In vitro evolution was applied to obtain highly active mutants of Ralstonia eutropha polyester synthase (PhbC(Re)), which is a key enzyme catalyzing the formation of polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB) from (R)-3-hydroxybutyryl-CoA (3HB-CoA). To search for beneficial mutations for activity improvement of this enzyme, we have conducted multi-step mutations, including(More)
Modification of the type I polyhydroxyalkanoate synthase of Ralstonia eutropha (PhaC(Re)) was performed through systematic in vitro evolution in order to obtain improved PhaC(Re) having an enhanced activity of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) synthesis in recombinant Escherichia coli. For the first time, a beneficial G4D N-terminal mutation important for the(More)
The mechanism of enzymatic hydrolysis for (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate (3HB) oligomers with poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] [P(3HB)] depolymerase (PhaZpst) from Pseudomonas stutzeri was investigated by two deletion mutants lacking the substrate-binding domain and linker region, PhaZpst delta sbd and PhaZpstcore. The two deletion mutants had no ability for hydrolysis(More)
A new strategy for bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) production by recombinant Ralstonia eutropha PHB(-)4 harboring mutated PHA synthase genes (phaC(Ac)) from Aeromona caviae was investigated. The strain harboring wild-type phaC(Ac) gene produced a PHA copolymer consisting of (R)-3-hydroxybutyrate and (R)-3-hydroxyhexanoate [P(3HB-co-3HHx)] with 3.5(More)
Type I polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases, as represented by Ralstonia eutropha enzyme (PhaC(Re)), have narrow substrate specificity toward (R)-3-hydroxyacyl-coenzyme A with acyl chain length of C3-C5 to yield PHA polyesters. In this study, saturation point mutagenesis of a highly conserved alanine at position 510 (A510) in PhaC(Re) was carried out to(More)
Poly[(R)-3-hydroxybutyrate] (PHB) depolymerase from Ralstonia pickettii T1 (PhaZ(RpiT1)) adsorbs to denatured PHB (dPHB) via its substrate-binding domain (SBD) to enhance dPHB degradation. To evaluate the amino acid residues participating in dPHB adsorption, PhaZ(RpiT1) was subjected to a high-throughput screening system consisting of PCR-mediated random(More)
The display of PHB depolymerase (PhaZ(RpiT1) ) from R. pickettii T1 on the surface of E. coli JM109 cells is realized using OprI of P. aeruginosa as the anchoring motif. The fusion protein is stably expressed and its surface localization is verified by immunofluorescence microscopy. The displayed PhaZ(RpiT1) retains its cleaving ability for soluble(More)
Time-dependent adsorption behavior of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) (PHB) depolymerase from Ralstonia pickettiiT1 on a polyester surface was studied by complementary techniques of quarts crystal microbalance (QCM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). Amorphous poly(l-lactide) (PLLA) thin films were used as adsorption substrates. Effects of enzyme concentration on(More)
Amino acid substitutions at two residues downstream from the active-site histidine of polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthases are effective for changing the composition and the molecular weight of PHA. In this study, saturation mutagenesis at the position Ala505 was applied to PHA synthase (PhaCAc) from Aeromonas caviae to investigate the effects on the(More)