The reaction of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide anions (O(2)(-)) in the airway results in the formation of peroxynitrite, a highly reactive oxidant species. Peroxynitrite reacts with tyrosine residues in proteins to form the stable product nitrotyrosine. We investigated whether nitrotyrosine in exhaled breath condensates may be increased in patients with… (More)
Exhaled nitric oxide (ENO), a marker of inflammation in airway diseases is decreased in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients, perhaps because nitric oxide (NO) is metabolized to oxidative end-products. A stable product, 3-nitrotyrosine, may indicate local formation of reactive nitrogen species. Whether NO metabolites in exhaled breath condensate may be increased… (More)
BACKGROUND Cigarette smoking reduces the level of exhaled nitric oxide (NO) in healthy subjects, although the mechanism is unclear. NO is a highly reactive molecule which can be oxidised or complexed with other biomolecules, depending on the microenvironment. The stable oxidation end products of NO metabolism are nitrite and nitrate. This study investigated… (More)
Clinically unsuspected metastases to the lateral retropharyngeal nodes from carcinomas of the upper gingiva or maxillary sinus were found in five patients on follow-up CT examinations. Such uncommon metastases may follow the afferent lymphatic channels from the palate or pharyngeal region or arrive by retrograde lymphatics from positive neck nodes. Careful… (More)
BACKGROUND Recent literature suggests that blood pressure variability (BPV) predicts outcome beyond blood pressure level (BPL) and that antihypertensive drug classes differentially influence BPV. We compared calcium channel blockers, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, and angiotensin receptor blockade for effects on changes in self-measured home BPL… (More)
We describe a rare case of SFT existing along the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve and extending down into the infratemporal fossa through the foramen ovale. The tumor showed heterogeneous hypointensity on T2-weighted images and marked enhancement on CT and MR images.