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Programmed cell death pathways have been implicated in the mechanism by which neurons die following brief and prolonged seizures, but the significance of proapoptotic Bcl-2 family proteins in the process remains poorly defined. Expression of the death agonist Bcl-2-interacting mediator of cell death (Bim) is under the control of the forkhead in(More)
In this study we examine the in vivo formation of the Apaf-1/cytochrome c complex and activation of caspase-9 following limbic seizures in the rat. Seizures were elicited by unilateral intraamygdala microinjection of kainic acid to induce death of CA3 neurons within the hippocampus of the rat. Apaf-1 was found to interact with cytochrome c within the(More)
The caspase family of cell death proteases has been implicated in the mechanism of neuronal death following seizures. We investigated the expression and processing of caspases 6 and 7, putative executioner caspases. Brief limbic seizures were evoked by intraamygdala kainic acid to elicit unilateral death of target hippocampal CA3 neurons in the rat.(More)
Research into the molecular mechanisms of epileptic brain injury is hampered by the resistance of key mouse strains to seizure-induced neuronal death evoked by systemically administered excitotoxins such as kainic acid. Because C57BL/6 mice are extensively employed as the genetic background for transgenic/knockout modeling in cell death research but are(More)
Bcl-2 family gene products are critical to the integration of cell death stimuli that target the mitochondrion. Proapoptotic BAD (Bcl-2-associated death protein) has been shown to dissociate from its sequestered site with the molecular chaperone protein 14-3-3 and displace proapoptotic BAX (Bcl-2-associated X protein) from antiapoptotic BCL-Xl. BAX(More)
The consequences of activation of tumour necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNFR1) during neuronal injury remain controversial. The apoptosis signal-regulating kinase 1 (ASK1), a mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase, can mediate cell death downstream of TNFR1. Presently, we examined the formation of the TNFR1 signalling cascade and response of ASK1(More)
Death-associated protein (DAP) kinase is calcium-regulated and known to function downstream of death receptors, prompting us to examine its role in the mechanism of seizure-induced neuronal death. Brief seizures were focally evoked in rats, eliciting neuronal death within the CA3 subfield of the hippocampus, and to a lesser extent, cortex. Western blotting(More)
Although mice are amenable to gene knockout, they have not been exploited in the setting of seizure-induced neurodegeneration due to the resistance to injury of key mouse strains. We refined and developed models of seizure-induced neuronal death in the C57BL/6 and BALB/c strains by focally evoking seizures using intra-amygdala kainic acid. Seizures in adult(More)
Death-associated protein (DAP) kinase is a novel regulator of cell death whose in vivo target(s) and role in neuronal cell death remain uncertain. Since DAP kinase has been implicated in p53-mediated apoptosis, a pathway activated following epileptic brain injury, we examined the relationship between DAP kinase and p53 following seizures. Rats underwent(More)
OBJECTIVE Cerebral vasospasm after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) has been hypothesized to occur because of both inflammation-mediated sustained contraction of smooth muscle cells and vascular remodeling. As our recent study showed that tenascin-C (TN-C), an extracellular matrix glycoprotein which is up-regulated in inflammatory states and is(More)