Tomohiro Araki

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Immunological strategies for the detection of N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), one of the major antigenic structures of advanced glycation end products (AGE), are widely applied to demonstrate the contribution of CML to the pathogeneses of diabetic complications and atherosclerosis. Recent studies have indicated that methylglyoxal (MG), which is(More)
Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) is a rare autoimmune disease associated with Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT). To identify the HE-related autoantigens, we developed a human brain proteome map using two-dimensional electrophoresis and applied it to the immuno-screening of brain proteins that react with autoantibodies in HE patients. After sequential(More)
Hemoglobin, α-chain, β-chain and fragmented hemoglobin of Crocodylus siamensis demonstrated both antibacterial and antioxidant activities. Antibacterial and antioxidant properties of the hemoglobin did not depend on the heme structure but could result from the compositions of amino acid residues and structures present in their primary structure.(More)
In this study, four major egg white proteins were purified by two step ion exchange chromatography followed by precipitation. Lysozyme and ovalbumin were separated with Q Sepharose Fast Flow anion exchange chromatography in the first step, resulting in two peaks of lysozyme and three peaks of ovalbumin with 87% and 70% purity by HPLC, respectively.(More)
A gene encoding a functionally unknown protein that is specifically expressed in the thyroidectomized chicken fatty liver and has a predicted amino acid sequence similar to that of NAD(P)H-dependent carbonyl reductase was overexpressed in Escherichia coli; its product was purified and characterized. The expressed enzyme was an NAD(P)H-dependent broad(More)
Cation exchange column chromatography and gel filtration chromatography were used to purify four reptile lysozymes from egg white: SSTL A and SSTL B from soft shelled turtle (Trionyx sinensis), ASTL from Asiatic soft shelled turtle (Amyda cartilagenea) and GSTL from green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas). The molecular masses of the purified reptile lysozymes(More)
G-type lysozyme is a hydrolytic enzyme sharing a similar tertiary structure with plant chitinase. To discover the relation of function and structure, we analyzed the primary structure of new G-type lysozyme. The complete 185 amino acid residues of lysozyme from rhea egg white were sequenced using the peptides hydrolyzed by trypsin, V8 protease, and cyanogen(More)
To study the structure and function of reptile lysozymes, we have reported their purification, and in this study we have established the amino acid sequence of three egg white lysozymes in soft-shelled turtle eggs (SSTL A and SSTL B from Trionyx sinensis, ASTL from Amyda cartilaginea) by using the rapid peptide mapping method. The established amino acid(More)
Accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGE) of the Maillard reaction increases by aging and in age-enhanced diseases such as atherosclerosis and diabetic complications. Immunohistochemical analysis has been used to demonstrate AGE in vivo. In immunochemistry, the heat-induced epitope retrieval technique is extensively used with formalin-fixed,(More)
Since the accumulation of N(epsilon)-(carboxymethyl)lysine (CML), a major antigenic advanced glycation end product, is implicated in tissue disorders in hyperglycemia and inflammation, the identification of the pathway of CML formation will provide important information regarding the development of potential therapeutic strategies for these complications.(More)