Learn More
Although seed plants have gamma-tubulin, a ubiquitous component of centrosomes associated with microtubule nucleation in algal and animal cells, they do not have discrete microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs) comparable to animal centrosomes, and the organization of microtubule arrays in plants has remained enigmatic. Spindle development in basal land(More)
Adipocyte differentiation-related protein (ADRP) is a member of PAT proteins existing in lipid droplets (LDs). By yeast two-hybrid screening, we identified ADP-ribosylation factor 1 (ARF1) as a binding partner of ADRP. The interaction of ADRP and ARF1 was verified by GST pull-down and co-immunoprecipitation experiments. Interestingly, ADRP precipitated the(More)
Microtubule plus-end tracking proteins (+TIPs) control microtubule dynamics in fundamental processes such as cell cycle, intracellular transport, and cell motility, but how +TIPs are regulated during mitosis remains largely unclear. Here we show that the endogenous end-binding protein family EB3 is stable during mitosis, facilitates cell cycle progression(More)
Abundant microtubules (MTs) were present both in protoplasts isolated from tobacco BY-2 cells and on membrane ghosts prepared from such protoplasts. However, only a few MTs or none at all were observed on membrane ghosts prepared from proto-plasts pretreated with protease, trypsin or chymo-trypsin, although abundant MTs were present in protease-pretreated(More)
Mammalian DNA polymerase delta (pol delta) is essential for DNA replication, though the functions of this smallest subunit of POLD4 have been elusive. We investigated pol delta activities in vitro and found that it was less active in the absence of POLD4, irrespective of the presence of the accessory protein PCNA. shRNA-mediated reduction of POLD4 resulted(More)
Nucleosome assembly protein 1 (Nap1) is widely conserved from yeasts to humans and facilitates nucleosome formation in vitro as a histone chaperone. Nap1 is generally localized in the cytoplasm, except that subcellular localization of Drosophila melanogaster Nap1 is dynamically regulated between the cytoplasm and nucleus during early development. The(More)
Translesion DNA synthesis (TLS) involves PCNA mono-ubiquitination and TLS DNA polymerases (pols). Recent evidence has shown that the mono-ubiquitination is induced not only by DNA damage but also by other factors that induce stalling of the DNA replication fork. We studied the effect of spontaneous DNA replication errors on PCNA mono-ubiquitination and TLS(More)
Genomic instability is an important factor in cancer susceptibility, but a mechanistic understanding of how it arises remains unclear. We examined hypothesized contributions of the replicative DNA polymerase δ (pol δ) subunit POLD4 to the generation of genomic instability in lung cancer. In examinations of 158 lung cancers and 5 mixtures of 10 normal lungs,(More)
The structure and localization of the microtubule organization centres (MTOCs) of the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces japonicus var. japonicus were examined by fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy. Spindle pole bodies (SPBs), which are the fungal equivalent of centrosomes, of Sz. japonicus were visualized by immunofluorescent staining using a(More)
Fungal secondary metabolites (SMs) are extremely important in medicine and agriculture, but regulation of their biosynthesis is incompletely understood. We have developed a genetic screen in Aspergillus nidulans for negative regulators of fungal SM gene clusters and we have used this screen to isolate mutations that upregulate transcription of the(More)