Tomohiro Abekawa

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Neurodevelopmental deficits of parvalbumin-immunoreactive γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA)ergic interneurons in prefrontal cortex have been reported in schizophrenia. Glutamate influences the proliferation of this type of interneuron by an N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor-mediated mechanism. The present study hypothesized that prenatal blockade of NMDA(More)
The present study examined the effects of both competitive (D-CPP-ene) and noncompetitive (MK-801) NMDA antagonists on behavioral sensitization to methamphetamine (MA). Behavioral effects of repeated administration of NMDA antagonists were also examined. Rats treated with MA according to an escalating dose schedule (2.5, 5, 7.5, and 10.0 mg/kg, SC, twice a(More)
The present study examined effect of administration of a selective D1 dopamine receptor agonist, SKF38393 on extracellular concentrations of glutamate (Glu) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in mPFC, by using in vivo microdialysis. Perfusion with SKF38393 via a dialysis probe reduced concentrations of both Glu and GABA dose-relatedly, and these effects(More)
We examined effects of a high dose of methamphetamine (MA) (4.02 mg free base/kg, s.c., at 2-h intervals, 4 injections) on extracellular concentrations of monoamines such as dopamine (DA), dihydroxyphenylacetic acid (DOPAC), homovanillic acid (HVA), and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA) and those of glutamate and other several amino acids in rat striatum(More)
The present study examined the effects of nitric oxide (NO) synthase inhibitor, N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (LNAME; 30 and 60 mg/kg, i.p.) on the development of supersensitivity to stereotypy as well as locomotion stimulating effects of methamphetamine (MA) (3.22 and 0.805 mg free base/kg, s.c., respectively). Rats treated with MA for 10 days(More)
Clozapine (CLZ) can improve both the positive and negative symptoms of treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS), which does not respond to typical antipsychotics. This suggests that elucidation of the pharmacological mechanism for CLZ could lead to further clarification of the pathophysiology of TRS. This study examined the effects of CLZ on phencyclidine(More)
1. The authors performed both microdialysis and behavioral measurement in each of rats, in order to examine effects of nitric oxide synthase inhibitor, N omega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (LNAME;30 mg/kg,i.p.) on striatal dopamine (DA) release and stereotypy induced by a single administration of methamphetamine (MA)(4 mg/kg,s.c.), simultaneously. 2. LNAME(More)
Clozapine is a prototype of atypical antipsychotics that has a profile not only to block D2/5-HT2A receptors but also to enhance N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated glutamatergic neurotransmission. This study hypothesized different effects between a single and repeated administration of clozapine on NMDA receptor-mediated neurotransmission, and(More)
RATIONALE Administration of phencyclidine (PCP) to animals produces abnormal behavior such as hyperlocomotion, stereotyped behavior, and ataxia; this abnormal behavior is only weakly blocked by dopamine D(2) receptor antagonists. This study examined the effects of a novel thiazole derivative, NRA0045 which potently antagonizes not only dopamine D(4)(More)
Administration of phencyclidine (PCP) to animals produces abnormal behavior such as hyperlocomotion, stereotyped behavior, and ataxia; this abnormal behavior is only weakly blocked by dopamine D2 receptor antagonists. This study examined the effects of a novel thiazole derivative, NRA0045 which potently antagonizes not only dopamine D4 receptors but also(More)