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To test the effects of the PPAR-γ agonist pioglitazone on cognition, regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF), and plasma levels of Aβ40 and Aβ42, we conducted a 6-month, randomized, open-controlled trial in patients with mild Alzheimer disease (AD) accompanied with type II diabetes mellitus. We randomly assigned 42 patients to either the group treated with(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS To investigate neuroanatomical substrates of unawareness of memory deficits in patients with early Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS We compared regional perfusion deficits between AD patients with awareness (n = 19) and unawareness (n = 19). SPECT data were analyzed by statistical brain imaging method. RESULTS Statistical maps(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The progression of cognitive deterioration in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) is considerably variable. The ability to predict the progression rate is important for clinicians to treat and manage patients with AD. We examined the possible relationship between the rate of cognitive deterioration and regional cerebral blood flow(More)
PURPOSE To determine the relationship of differing levels of education on regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). METHODS Fifty-three patients with AD followed-up for an average of 36 months were divided into the high-educated group (HE, >or=12 years of schooling) and low-educated group (LE, <12 years of schooling).(More)
Evi-1 has been recognized as one of the dominant oncogenes associated with murine and human myeloid leukemia. Here, we show that hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in Evi-1-deficient embryos are severely reduced in number with defective proliferative and repopulating capacity. Selective ablation of Evi-1 in Tie2(+) cells mimics Evi-1 deficiency, suggesting(More)
We investigated the effects of cardiovascular risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and hypercholesterolemia, on longitudinal regional cerebral blood flow (rCBF) changes in Alzheimer's disease (AD). We followed 68 outpatients with probable AD for an average of 40 months. They were divided into three groups based on no (n = 24), single (n =(More)
Although decreased occipital perfusion is a characteristic feature of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), not all patients with DLB show a significant decreased perfusion in the occipital lobe. We explored characteristics of perfusion changes to improve the identification of DLB, in addition to occipital hypoperfusion. Statistical image analysis of single(More)
Ecotropic viral integration site 1 (Evi1), a transcription factor of the SET/PR domain protein family, is essential for the maintenance of hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in mice and is overexpressed in several myeloid malignancies. Here, we generate reporter mice in which an internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-GFP cassette is knocked-in to the Evi1 locus.(More)
The descending pain inhibitory system (DPIS) associated with acupuncture analgesia (AA), caused by low frequency stimulation of an acupuncture point, was identified by the results of lesion and stimulation procedures previously determined to differentiate the afferent and efferent paths in rats. The DPIS starts in the posterior arcuate nucleus and descends(More)