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Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat shows severe ocular complications such as tractional retinal detachment. In the present study, effect of protein kinase C beta (PKCbeta) inhibitor JTT-010 was evaluated to clarify the involvement of PKCbeta in complications of SDT rat. SDT rats were administered JTT-010 (10 or 50 mg/kg/day) for 48 weeks. SDT rats(More)
The effects of protein-tyrosine kinase (PTK) and protein-tyrosine phosphatase (PTP) inhibitors on voltage-activated barium currents (I(Ba)) through L-type calcium channels increased by hypotonic solution were investigated in canine basilar arterial myocytes by the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. I(Ba) was elicited by depolarizing step from a holding(More)
We overviewed the pathophysiological features of diabetes and its complications in obese type 2 diabetic rat models: Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima fatty (OLETF) rat, Wistar fatty rat, Zucker diabetic fatty (ZDF) rat and Spontaneously diabetic Torii (SDT) fatty rat. Pancreatic changes with progression of diabetes were classified into early changes, such as(More)
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii-Lepr(fa) (SDT-fa/fa) rat, a new model of obese type 2 diabetes, shows obesity, hyperglycemia, and hyperlipidemia from 6 weeks of age. Diabetic complications such as nephropathy and cataract are observed with aging; however, blood pressure change with age has not previously been examined. In this study, blood pressure was(More)
We report herein synthesis of PKCbeta-selective inhibitors possessing the novel pharmacophore of anilino-monoindolylmaleimide. Several compounds of this series exhibited IC50's as low as 50 nM against human PKCbeta2. One of the most potent compounds, 6l, inhibited PKCbeta1 and PKCbeta2 with IC50 of 21 and 5 nM, respectively, and exhibited selectivity of(More)
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii-Lepr (fa) (SDT-fa/fa) rat is a new model of obese type 2 diabetes. The SDT-fa/fa rat shows obesity and hyperglycemia at a young age compared to the Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT-+/+) rat; however, bone abnormalities in the SDT-fa/fa rat have not been investigated. The objective of the present study was to investigate the(More)
Spontaneously Diabetic Torii Lepr (fa) (SDT fatty) rat, established by introducing the fa allele of the Zucker fatty rat into SDT rat genome, is a new model of obese type 2 diabetes. Both male and female SDT fatty rats show overt obesity, and hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia are observed at a young age as compared with SDT rats. With early incidence of(More)
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) fatty rat, established by introducing the fa allele of the Zucker fatty rat into the SDT rat genome, is a new model of obese type 2 diabetes. The SDT-fa/fa (SDT fatty) rat shows overt obesity, and hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia are observed at a young age as compared with the SDT-+/+ (SDT normal) rat. However, the(More)
The Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat is an inbred strain of Sprague-Dawley rat and recently is established as a nonobese model of type 2 diabetes (T2D). Male SDT rats show high plasma glucose levels (over 700 mg/dL) by 20 weeks. Male SDT rats show pancreatic islet histopathology, including hemorrhage in pancreatic islets and inflammatory cell(More)
AIM Spontaneously Diabetic Torii (SDT) rat is a new model of non-obese type 2 diabetes. SDT rats show severe ocular complications such as cataracts, tractional retinal detachment with fibrous proliferation and massive haemorrhaging in the anterior chamber. In the present study, blood glucose levels of SDT rats were controlled in order to examine whether(More)