Tomohiko Makiyama

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We examined the effect of the cellular sphingolipid level on the release of arachidonic acid (AA) and the activity of secretory phospholipase A2 (sPLA2 ) using two Chinese hamster ovary (CHO)-K1 cell mutants, LY-B and LY-A cells, deficient in sphingolipid synthesis. In LY-B cells, deficiency of sphingolipids enhanced the release of AA induced by bee venom(More)
Ceramide and the metabolites including ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) and sphingosine are reported to regulate the release of arachidonic acid (AA) and/or phospholipase A(2) (PLA(2)) activity in many cell types including lymphocytes. Recent studies established that C1P, a product of ceramide kinase, interacts directly with Ca(2+) binding regions in the C2(More)
Never in mitosis A-related kinase 2A (Nek2A), a centrosomal serine/threonine kinase, is involved in mitotic progression by regulating the centrosome cycle. Particularly, Nek2A is necessary for dissolution of the intercentriole linkage between the duplicated centrosomes prior to mitosis. Nek2A activity roughly parallels its cell cycle-dependent expression(More)
Niemann-Pick disease type C (NPC) is a neurodegenerative lipid storage disorder caused by mutations in NPC1 or NPC2 genes. Loss of function of either protein results in the endosomal accumulation of cholesterol and other lipids. Here, we report that NPC1-deficient Chinese hamster ovary cells exhibit increased release of arachidonic acid (AA) and synthesis(More)
Excessive production of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGFβ1) plays an important role in lung fibrosis, in which the differentiation of fibroblasts into myofibroblasts is a key process. Increased formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) induced by TGFβ1 is a common pathological feature of fibrosis. In the present study, probucol and lovastatin, which are(More)
Lactosylceramide (LacCer) is a member of the glycosphingolipid family and is known to be a bioactive lipid in various cell physiological processes. However, the direct targets of LacCer and cellular events mediated by LacCer are largely unknown. In this study, we examined the effect of LacCer on the release of arachidonic acid (AA) and the activity of(More)
The Golgi complex plays a prominent role in the modification and sorting of lipids and proteins, and is a highly dynamic organelle that is dispersed and rearranged before and after mitosis. Several reagents including 4-nitrobenzo-2-oxa-1,3-diazole-labeled C6-ceramide (NBD-C6-ceramide, a ceramide having an NBD-bound C6-N-acyl chain) and Golgi-specific(More)
Ceramide-1-phosphate (C1P) has been shown to bind with C2 domain in group IVA cytosolic phospholipase A(2) (cPLA(2)α, PLA2G4A) and activate the enzyme activity directly. In cells, C1P causes translocation of cPLA(2)α to perinuclear regions including the Golgi complex by interacting with C2 domain in the enzyme, and then cPLA(2)α releases arachidonic acid(More)
Tumor susceptibility gene 101 (TSG101) was initially identified in fibroblasts as a tumor suppressor gene but subsequent studies show that TSG101 also functions as a tumor-enhancing gene in some epithelial tumor cells. Although previous studies have unraveled diverse biological functions of TSG101, the precise mechanism by which TSG101 is involved in(More)
Myogenesis is required for the development of skeletal muscle. Accumulating evidence indicates that the expression of several genes are upregulated during myogenesis and these genes play pivotal roles in myogenesis. However, the molecular mechanism underlying myogenesis is not fully understood. In this study, we found that β-taxilin, which is specifically(More)