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Complementary DNA clones containing the entire coding region of choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were isolated from the spinal cords of rat and mouse. The cDNAs of rat and mouse coded for 640 and 641 amino acids, respectively, and showed 95% mutual homology and 80% homology with the cDNA of porcine ChAT. Northern blot analysis revealed a single band of 4.4(More)
Hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase was purified from bovine and chicken pineal glands to apparent homogeneity and their properties were compared. The purified enzymes from both pineal glands differed in electrophoretic mobility and isoelectric point. Sodium dodecyl sulfate gel electrophoresis revealed that hydroxyindole-O-methyltransferase of both bovine and(More)
The neurotransmitter acetylcholine is synthesized by choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) and transported into synaptic vesicles by the vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT). Recently it has been reported that the entire coding region of VAChT mRNA is located in the first intron of the ChAT gene. In this study, ChAT and VAChT mRNAs were analysed in(More)
To study the level of ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) in human nervous tissues, we developed a sensitive enzyme-linked immunoassay using a specific antibody against human CNTF. This method allowed us to detect as little as 0.3 ng/ml of human CNTF with good linearity and accuracy. Using this method, CNTF levels were determined in human sciatic nerves(More)
New-born rats were optically enucleated on day 1 and the rhythms of pineal serotonin N-acetyltransferase activity and serum corticosterone levels were followed under various nursing schedules from 4 to 8 weeks of ages. When blinded pups born under DL (LD) cycle were reared by foster mothers under LD (DL) cycle, both of N-acetyltransferase and corticosterone(More)
Serotonin:acetyl coenzyme A N-acetyltransferase (EC 2.3.1.5) Activity in pineal gland was assayed in rats which were born and raised under diurnal lighting conditions, in continuous darkness, or in constant light. N-Acetyltransferase activity in the pups raised under diurnal lighting showed a rhythmic pattern, with high enzyme activity during dark period.(More)
A cDNA library directed by a specific primer was constructed from the rat spinal cord and screened with 32P-labeled rat choline acetyltransferase cDNA which was recently isolated in this laboratory. Sequence analysis of 29 clones indicated that there are four types of cDNA (R1-, R2-, N1- and M-types). The nucleotide sequences in these cDNAs were identical(More)
The primary structures of the precursors of neurohypophysial hormones vasotocin (VT) and mesotocin (MT) in the hypothalamus of the toad Bufo japonicus were determined by analyzing the nucleotide sequences of the cloned cDNAs encoding them. The MT precursor consists of 125 amino acid residues containing a signal peptide followed directly by MT, which in turn(More)
Guanylate cyclase (GTP pyrophosphate-lyase (cyclizing), EC4.6.1.2.) was histochemically demonstrated in rat brain with light and electron microscopes by using a specific monoclonal antibody to soluble guanylate cyclase from rat brain. Under a light microscope, intense reactions were seen in caudate-putamen complex, neocortex and cerebellar cortex.(More)
Complementary DNA (cDNA) clones containing the entire coding region of human choline acetyltransferase (ChAT) were isolated from cDNA libraries prepared from the autopsied spinal cord. In the human cDNA, the ATG codon assigned to the putative initiation codon for pig, rat and mouse ChAT cDNAs was replaced by ACG. The human cDNA contained an in-frame ATG(More)