Tomohiko Akiyama

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Errors in meiotic chromosome segregation are the leading cause of spontaneous abortions and birth defects. Almost all such aneuploidy derives from meiotic errors in females, with increasing maternal age representing a major risk factor. It was recently reported that histones are globally deacetylated in mammalian oocytes during meiosis but not mitosis. In(More)
Histone H2A has several variants, and changes in chromatin composition associated with their replacement might involve chromatin structure remodeling. We examined the dynamics of the canonical histone H2A and its three variants, H2A.X, H2A.Z and macroH2A, in the mouse during oogenesis and pre-implantation development when genome remodeling occurs.(More)
Upon fertilization, reprogramming of gene expression is required for embryo development. This step is marked by DNA demethylation and changes in histone variant composition. However, little is known about the molecular mechanisms causing these changes and their impact on histone modifications. We examined the global deposition of the DNA(More)
The developmental potency of mouse embryonic stem (ES) cells, which is the ability to contribute to a whole embryo, is known to deteriorate during long-term cell culture. Previously, we have shown that ES cells oscillate between Zscan4(-) and Zscan4(+) states, and the transient activation of Zscan4 is required for the maintenance of telomeres and genome(More)
The gene expression pattern of differentiated oocytes is reprogrammed into that of totipotent preimplantation embryos before and/or after fertilization. To elucidate the mechanisms of genome reprogramming, we investigated histone H3 lysine 79 dimethylation (H3K79me2) and trimethylation (H3K79me3) in oocytes and preimplantation embryos via(More)
Histone acetylation is an important epigenetic modification implicated in the regulation of chromatin structure and, subsequently, gene expression. Global histone deacetylation was reported in mouse oocytes during meiosis but not mitosis. The regulation of this meiosis-specific deacetylation has not been elucidated. Here, we demonstrate that p34(cdc2)(More)
Mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs) have a remarkable capacity to maintain normal genome stability and karyotype in culture. We previously showed that infrequent bursts of Zscan4 expression (Z4 events) are important for the maintenance of telomere length and genome stability in mESCs. However, the molecular details of Z4 events remain unclear. Here we show(More)
The development of multicellular organisms is accompanied by reprogramming of the epigenome in specific cells, with the epigenome of most cell types becoming fixed after differentiation. Genome-wide reprogramming of DNA methylation occurs in primordial germ cells and in fertilized eggs during mammalian embryogenesis. The 5-methylcytosine (5mC) content of(More)
The genome of differentiated somatic nuclei is remodeled to a totipotent state when they are transplanted into enucleated oocytes. To clarify the mechanism of this genome remodeling, we analyzed changes in the composition of core histone variants in nuclear-transferred embryos, since recent evidence has revealed that chromatin structure can be remodeled as(More)
Although mouse oocytes progressively acquire meiotic competence during their growth in the ovaries, only half of full-grown oocytes can accomplish meiosis. Two types of full-grown oocytes have been reported on the basis of their chromatin configuration, the surrounded-nucleolus (SN) type and the non-surrounded-nucleolus (NSN) type. Therefore, full-grown(More)