Learn More
Rod photoreceptor-specific mutations cause ectopic synapses to form between cone photoreceptor terminals and rod bipolar cell dendrites in degenerating retinas of rhodopsin transgenic (P347L) pigs and retinal degeneration mice. Since the mutations occur in rod photoreceptor-specific genes in these two models, it is not known if ectopic synaptogenesis occurs(More)
We found a potent and selective sigma 1 receptor agonist, SA4503 (1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydro-chloride), with high affinity for the sigma 1 receptor subtype (IC50 = 17 nM), but low affinity for the sigma 2 receptor subtype (IC50 = 1800 nM). The binding activity and selectivity of SA4503 resembled those of (+)-pentazocine,(More)
Intraperitoneal administration of 4-cyclohexyl-1-[(1R)-1,2-diphenylethyl]-piperazine (CDEP) immediately after the training session produced significant memory impairment in the mouse passive avoidance performance. Interestingly, this memory impairment was alleviated by subcutaneous administrations of sigma receptor agonists, (+)-N-allylnormetazocine(More)
The effects of sigma ligands on the central acetylcholine (ACh) systems in the rat frontal cortex were examined. By using brain microdialysis techniques, we showed that nonbenzomorphan sigma ligands, (+)-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine and 1,3-di(2-tolyl)guanidine (DTG) dose-dependently increased the extracellular ACh level in this area.(More)
We found a potent and selective sigma 1 (sigma 1) receptor ligand, SA4503 (1-(3,4-dimethoxyphenethyl)-4-(3-phenylpropyl)piperazine dihydrochloride). This compound had a high affinity for sigma 1 receptor subtype (IC50 = 17 +/- 1.9 nM), but a low affinity for sigma 2 receptor subtype (IC50 = 1800 +/- 310 nM). The present study examines the effect of this(More)
The analgesic effect induced by exposure to psychological stress, using a communication box (psychological stress-induced analgesia, PSY-SIA), was completely antagonized by 10 min pretreatment with 0.5, 1 and 2 mg/kg of nor-binaltorphimine and with 0.5 and 1 mg/kg of Mr2266, selective kappa-opioid receptor antagonists, in the tail pinch method. Neither(More)
Web mining-data mining for web data-is a key factor of web technologies. Especially, web behavior mining has attracted a great deal of attention recently. Behavior mining involves analyzing the behavior of users, finding patterns of user behavior, and predicting their subsequent behaviors or interests. Web behavior mining is used in web advertising systems(More)
We examined the ameliorating effects of several sigma receptor agonists on scopolamine-induced memory impairment in mice. Scopolamine was administered IP 30 min before the training session. Each sigma receptor agonist was administered 60 min before or immediately after the training session, or 60 min before the retention test in the passive-avoidance(More)
The effects of the stereoisomers of N-allylnormetazocine (SKF-10,047) on the hippocampal cholinergic functions were compared in rats. A putative sigma 1 receptor agonist, (+)-SKF-10,047, elicited an increase of hippocampal extracellular acetylcholine level and anti-amnesic effect against scopolamine-induced memory dysfunctions in rats. These phenomena were(More)
Web mining - data mining for web data - is a key factor of web technologies. Especially, web behavior mining has attracted a great deal of attention recently. Behavior mining involves analyzing the behavior of users, finding patterns of user behavior, and predicting their subsequent behaviors or interests. Web behavior mining is used in web advertising(More)