Tomoharu Ohkawara

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The development of Th17 cells is a key event in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE), a murine model of human multiple sclerosis (MS). Previous studies have demonstrated that an IL-6-dependent pathway is involved in the differentiation of Th17 cells from naïve CD4-positive T cells in vitro. However, the role of IL-6 in vivo in(More)
The prevalence of allergic diseases has increased all over the world during the last two decades. Dietary change is considered to be one of the environmental factors that cause this increase and worsen allergic symptoms. If this is the case, an appropriate intake of foods or beverages with anti-allergic activities is expected to prevent the onset of(More)
Flavonoids including luteolin, apigenin, and fisetin are inhibitors of IL-4 synthesis and CD40 ligand expression by basophils. This study was done to search for compounds with greater inhibitory activity of IL-4 expression and to clarify the molecular mechanisms through which flavonoids inhibit their expression. Of the 37 flavonoids and related compounds(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify a novel serum biomarker of disease activity in inflammatory autoimmune disorders. METHODS Sera obtained from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients before and after anti-TNF therapy were analysed by iTRAQ (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantitation) quantitative proteomic analysis and further validated by ELISA. RESULTS Of(More)
BACKGROUND Reliable biomarkers for monitoring disease activity have not been clinically established in ulcerative colitis (UC). This study aimed to investigate whether levels of serum leucine-rich alpha-2 glycoprotein (LRG), identified recently as a potential disease activity marker in Crohn's disease and rheumatoid arthritis, correlate with disease(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) 1 was initially identified as an intracellular negative feedback regulator of the JAK-STAT signal pathway. Recently, it has been suggested that SOCS1 affects signals of growth factors and hormones. One of them, SOCS1, is also known to be involved in auto-regulation of IRS-1-mediated signaling. However, the(More)
BACKGROUND We have previously shown that flavonoids such as luteolin, apigenin and fisetin inhibit interleukin 4 and interleukin 13 production. In this study, we investigated whether luteolin can suppress CD40 ligand expression by basophils. METHODS A human basophilic cell line, KU812, was stimulated with A23187 and phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) with or(More)
IL-6 is a proinflammatory cytokine and its overproduction is implicated in a variety of inflammatory disorders. Recent in vitro analyses suggest that IL-6 is a key cytokine that determines the balance between Foxp3(+) regulatory T cells (Tregs) and Th17 cells. However, it remains unclear whether excessive IL-6 production in vivo alters the development and(More)
Therapeutic effects of green tea involve an inhibitory function of its constituent polyphenol epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) on cell signaling. The specificity and mechanism(s) by which EGCG inhibits cell signaling have remained unclear. Here, we demonstrate that green tea and EGCG induce suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 (SOCS1) gene expression, a(More)
Background:Despite the recent improvements in multimodal therapies for oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the prognosis remains poor. The identification of suitable biomarkers for predicting the prognosis and chemo-sensitivity is required to develop targeted treatments and improve treatment results.Methods:Proteins highly expressed in ESCC cell(More)